It is the phenomenon of the increase in temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans in recent decades. Air pollutants accumulate in the atmosphere, forming an increasinglythick layer, trapping the sun's heat and causing global warming.
The main pollutants are carbon dioxide (generated by power generation plants based on coal) and carbon dioxide CO2 (emitted bycars). The largest polluters are the United States. China, India and Japan.
Global warming is causing irreparable consequences:
The melting of glaciers;
More severe droughts causing watershortages;
Deforestation increases or raises deserts;
Hurricanes, cyclones, global warming is made with more water evaporates from the oceans promoting these types of disasters;
Rising sea levels willproduce coastal flooding;
Disruption of habitats such as coral reefs and forests could lead to extinction many species of plants and animals caused changes in the ecosystem.
Heat waves caused deathsof elderly people and children, especially in Europe;
Forests, fields and cities will face troublesome new pests and more mosquito-borne diseases.
How to avoid:
Reducing pollution from vehiclesusing exhaust catalysts;
Maximum use of natural lighting within the domestic environment;
Using low energy lighting;
Decrease the use of fossil fuels (oil, diesel, kerosene, naphtha) and increaseduse of biofuels (biodiesel, ethanol)
Installation of emission control systems of harmful gases in industry.
Expand power generation through clean, renewable sources: hydro, wind, solar, nuclearand tidal;
Collaborate with the system of selective waste collection and recycling;
Not practicing deforestation and burning. By planting more trees, help reduce global warming.
Using cleantechnology and advanced agriculture to avoid carbon emissions.
Construction of buildings with the implementation of systems that seek to save energy (solar energy use for water heating and cooling).