Marcos Orozco Miranda
Unit 1 Food from the earth
Climate: normal weather patterns.
Coastal: describes an area near the ocean.
Crop: a kind of plant grown for food.
Farmer: person who produces food.
Flat: describes an area withoutmountains.
Geography: the study of the surface of the earth.
Grassland: grassy area.
Humid: describes air that is moist.
Meals: breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Mountainous: describes an area with mountains.
Region: a large area.
Staple food: very important food.
• Grains: corn, wheat, rice, oats, millet.
• Legumes: soybeans, lentils.
• Roots: potatoes, yams, yucca.Unit 2 Communication
Connect: bring together.
Culture: people with the same language and way of living.
Custom: an activity that is usual in a country.
Eye contact: a look directly at the eyes of another person.
Formal: very serious and important.
Gesture: a body movement to show something (a feeling, an idea, etc.).
Greeting: the first words or actions used upon meetingsomeone.
Informal: friendly and relaxed.
Rule: the correct way to do something.
Small talk: conversation about things that aren’t important.
Smile: turn one’s lips up at the corners, usually to show good feelings.
Traditional: the same for a long time without changing.
Unit 3 Cities
Commute: travel to your job.
Crowded: too full.
Downtown: the center of a city.East: the direction where the sun comes up-usually at the right of map.
Factory: a place where workers make things.
Freeway: a road where cars go fast.
Key: (on map) the section of a map that explains the meaning of the symbols.
Market: a place where people buy and sell things outdoors.
Neighborhood: one area in a city.
Nightlife: things to do in the evening.
Noisy: too loud.North: the direction that’s usually at the top of a map.
Population: the number of people who live in a place.
Public transportation: trains, buses, and subways.
Rural: in the country.
Scale: (on a map) the section of a map that explains the distances.
Skyscraper: a very tall office building.
South: The direction that’s usually at the bottom of the map.
Suburb: a tow outsideof a city.
Symbol: a picture that represents another thing.
Traffic: cars moving on a street.
Urban: in the city.
West: the direction where the sun goes down-usually at the left of the map.
Unit 4 The body
Acne: a skin condition of red spots, especially on the face.
Artery: one of the large blood vessels going from the heart.
Bone: a hard, white part of the body thatmakes up its frame (the skeleton)
Brain: the organ in the head used for thinking and feeling.
Dandruff: dry skin that forms on the head and drops in little white pieces.
Headache: a pain in your head.
Heart: the organ in the chest that pumps blood through the body.
Hiccup: a sharp sound you make in your throat.
Indigestion: pain in the stomach because of something you have eaten.Insomnia: not able to sleep.
Large intestine: the lower part of the tube in the body that carries food away from the stomach.
Liver: the organ in the body that helps in making sugar for energy and in cleaning the blood.
Lung: one of the breathing organs in the chest that supply oxygen to the blood.
Muscle: a part of the body that connects the bones and makes the body move.Nausea: a feeling like you are going to vomit.
Skin: the outer covering of the body.
Small intestine: the upper part of the tube in the body that carries food away from the stomach.
Sore throat: a general feeling of pain in the throat.
Stomach: the internal body part where food goes after being swallowed.
Vein: any of the tubes that bring blood to the heart and lungs.