It was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher and mathematician who lived
between the V-IV b.c. His name was Democritus of Abdera, it means
"the chosen by people". He was born in the town of Abdera (Thrace),
located on the north coast of Greece today. He studied with magicians
and Chaldeans experts that King Xerxes of Persia left at her father's
house,when he stayed at their home during his military campaign against
the Greeks in Medical Wars. He learned from them especially astrology
and theology when he was very young.
He is considered as a traditionally pre-Socratic philosopher, and was a contemporary of Socrates.
most of his work ethic and just try anything physis, whose study characterized the Presocratics.
Democritus was adisciple and successor of Leucippus of Miletus, natural of Abdera also.
Democritus of Abdera lived from 460 to 370b.c., and was known in his days for his extravagant character. He was awarded numerous legends. He made many trips to Egypt, Persia and Mesopotamia, where he learned Persian and Egyptian priests magicians and Chaldeans. A legend says he pulled his eyes in a garden so this did not hinderin his meditations and in the contemplation of the external world.
It is said that he traveled to Egypt, where he lived five years and acquired geometry knowledge especially and visited Ethiopia, Mesopotamia, Babylon, Chaldea and Persia and even came to India in search of knowledge. He had acquired the money to travel by the inheritance that his father left to him and his two brothers.Hipparchus assures, according to Diogenes Laertius, that Democritus died at 90 years old, and all ancient authors who have made reference to his age, agree that lived over a hundred years.
Thoungh he was largely ignored during his life, the work of Democritus was nevertheless well known by Aristotle, who commented extensively. The reason that it became famous was that he "did not care to be known,and though he met Socrates Socrates did not know him." Also attended to hear the Pythagoreans. It was famous an anecdote that Plato hated to Democritus that he wanted all his books were burned. It is said that nearly burned but was prevented by the Pythagoreans Clitias and Amiclas claiming that it was useless and his writings circulated in many parts.
There are anecdotes as Democritus whichironically often laughed at the way the world is, and say that laughter becomes wise, which led him to be known, during the Renaissance, as "the laughing philosopher" or "the philosopher Hilario", or even "the abderitaHilario".
Among the thinkers who influenced the doctrines of Democritus, we can include Egyptians geometers and Anaxagoras, whose homoiomeries are considered as themost immediate antecedent of the theory of atoms.
Democritus is considered the founder of the atomistic school. He develops a pluralistic philosophy as Anaxagoras and Empedocles. For Democritus, perception, the reason by wich the thinks for example that has a pen in his hand, is a purely physical process and mechanistic, that thought and feeling are attributes of matter collected on a sufficientlyfine and complex, and not from any spirit instilled by the gods of matter.
The ethics of Democritus is based on the internal balance, achieved by controlling the passions for learning and prudence, without resorting to any idea of justice or nature that may escape the interaction of atoms in a vacuum. According to Democritus, natural aspiration of every individual is both pleasure and peace ofmind (euthymia), pleasure must be chosen and pain avoided, but in the correct discrimination of true happiness lies pleasures. Discriminating the pleasures that ultimately cause pain.
By denying God and submit to the matter as self-created, and composed of atoms, became the first in the first atheist and materialist (atomistic). The physical and chemical changes were due to the physical not...