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The history, current status, and nomenclature of the Union Flag, and its use other than as a flag for the United Kingdom (forexample, in Australia), are treated more fully under the article Union Flag.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses as its national flag the royal banner known as the Union Flag or,popularly, Union Jack. The current design of the Union Flag dates from the union of Ireland and Great Britain in 1801. It consists of the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England), edgedin white, superimposed on the Cross of St Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which are superimposed on the Saltire of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland). Wales, however, is not represented in theUnion Flag by Wales' patron saint, Saint David, as at the time the flag was designed Wales was part of the Kingdom of England.
Its correct proportions are 1:2. However, the version officially usedby the British Army modifies the proportions to 3:5, and additionally two of the red diagonals are cropped.
Main article: Union Flag
Proclamation of James I of England, King of Scots:Orders in Council; Official creation of the Union Flag – 1606.
QUOTE – "By the King: Whereas, some differences hath arisen between Our subjects of South and North Britaine travelling by Seas, aboutthe bearing of their Flagges: For the avoiding of all contentions hereafter. We have, with the advice of our Council, ordered: That from henceforth all our Subjects of this Isle and Kingdome of GreatBritaine, and all our members thereof, shall beare in their main-toppe the Red Crosse, commonly called St. George’s Crosse, and theWhite Crosse, commonly called St. Andrew’s Crosse, joyned togetheraccording to the forme made by our heralds, and sent by Us to our Admerall to be published to our Subjects: and in their fore-toppe our Subjects of South Britaine shall weare the Red Crosse onely as...