Sculpture is three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials, typically stone such as marble, metal, glass, orwood, or plastic materials such as clay, textiles, polymers and softer metals. The term has been extended to works including sound, text and light.
Found objects may be presented assculptures. Materials may be worked by removal such as carving; or they may be assembled such as by welding , hardened such as by firing, or molded or cast. Surface decoration such aspaint may be applied. Sculpture has been described as one of the plastic arts because it can involve the use of materials that can be molded or modulated.
Sculpture is an importantform of public art. A collection of sculpture in a garden setting may be referred to as a sculpture garden.
David" is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created between 1501 and1504, by the Italian artist Michelangelo. It is a 5.17 metre (17 feet) marble statue of a standing male nude. The statue represents the Biblical hero David, a favoured subject in theart of Florence.
Originally commissioned as one of a series to be positioned high up on the facade of Florence Cathedral, the statue was instead placed in a public square, outside thePalazzo della Signoria, the seat of civic government in Florence, where it was unveiled on 8 September 1504. Because of the nature of the hero that it represented, it soon came tosymbolise the defence of civil liberties embodied in the Florentine Republic, an independent city-state threatened on all sides by more powerful rival states and by the hegemony of the Medicifamily. The eyes of David, with a warning glare, were turned towards Rome.
The statue is now displayed in the Accademia Gallery, Florence, and a replica stands in its place