Miss Gaby Koloffon
List # 2
Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, an Athenian stone mason and sculptor he was born in 469 B.C. Helearned his father'scraft and apparently practiced it for many years. He participated in the Peloponnesian War (431–04 B.C.E.) when Athens was crushed by the Spartans, and he distinguished himself for his courage.Details of his early life are scarce, although he appears to have had no more than an ordinary Greek education before devoting his time almost completely to intellectual interests. He did, however, take akeen interest in the works of the natural philosophers, and Plato records the fact that Socrates met Zeno of Elea (c. 495–430 B.C.E. ) and Parmenides (born c. 515 B.C.E. ) on their trip to Athens,which probably took place about 450 B.C.E. Socrates himself wrote nothing, therefore evidence of his life and activities must come from the writings of Plato and Xenophon (c. 431–352 B.C.E. ). It islikely that neither of these presents a completely accurate picture of him, but Plato's Apology, Crito, Phaedo, and Symposium contain details which must be close to fact. He died in 399 B.C.E.
PlatoPlato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens. His father died while Plato was young, and his mother remarried to Pyrilampes. Plato's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon,meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history. He studied at a gymnasium owned by Dionysios, and at thepalaistra of Ariston of Argos. When he was young he studied music and poetry. According to Aristotle, Plato developed the foundations of his metaphysics and epistemology by studying the doctrines ofCratylus, and the work of Pythagoras and Parmenides. When Plato met Socrates, however, he had met his definitive teacher. As Socrates' disciple, Plato adopted his philosophy and style of debate, and...