Hispanic communities in the United States differ significantly among themselves, race, nationality, time of arrival, social classes, cultures and ideologies, among others. As a result,the migratory experience of each of these communities differ significantly between them, a situation which brings into question the use of the term "Hispanic" as a qualifying element of the diversehomogenous Hispanic communities of speakers living in the United States. Each of these has different experiences which have marked their forms of integration and cultural and economic participation inAmerican society.
The Puerto Rican community is an ethnic group historically characterized by a very low socioeconomic status and isolation from the wider society. On the contrary, the Cuban peoplenot having been segregated to a secondary labor market are the most successful of all speaking communities, showed strong trends towards integration and assimilation in North American society. Thedifferent status and preferential treatment given to the Cuban people by U.S. authorities, after the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, with the same economic conditions of its population, notablyto distinguish refugees from that country to Mexican immigrants, Puerto Ricans and other Latin Americans.
In the case of Mexican-Americans, who have one of the most extensive cultural and economicforms as the group speaking historically largest and oldest in the U.S. require more rigorous analysis and studies to avoid ambiguity or fall in to a simple explanation of them.
Finally, the isolationof Mexicans and Puerto Ricans speaking ethnic communities and their cultural manifestations have been structurally produced by its concentration in labor markets to minorities. The existence of acontinuous flow of migrants, historically available to replace them, have supplied the dramatic need for cheap labor required by certain productive sectors of the United States. The continued influx of...