Gua inglés 1

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ENGLISH GUIDE
UNITS I-III

'I surf / I am surfing.'
What's the difference between the Present Simple / Present Continuous and how to use them.
We use the present simple tense when we want to talk about fixed habits or routines – things that don’t change.
We use the present continuous to talk about actions which are happening at the present moment, but will soon finish.
Compare these twostatements:
* (present simple) I play tennis.
* (present continuous/ progressive) I am playing tennis.
(Present simple) ‘I play tennis’ tells us that playing tennis is something the speaker always does. It is part of a routine or habit. We can call this a permanent situation.
(Present continuous/ progressive) ‘I am playing tennis’ tells us that the speaker is playing tennis right now. Soonthe game will be over. We call this a temporary situation.
With the present simple we say:
I play tennis
You play tennis
We play tennis
They play tennis
He/she/ it plays tennis.
With the present continuous we say:
I am playing tennis
You are playing tennis
We are playing tennis
He/she/it is playing tennis
Frequency Adverbs we use with the Present Simple
With the present simple we usethese frequency adverbs:
(Notice that the adverb comes before the main verb in the sentence.)
Always: ‘I always read before I go to bed.’
Often: ‘Her sister often comes shopping with us.’
Frequently:‘Michael frequently visits his family.’
Sometimes:‘You sometimes go to the gym, don’t you?’
Occasionally:‘It occasionally rains in summer.’
Seldom:‘They seldom ask for help.’
Rarely: ‘Herarely goes out without his backpack.’
Hardly ever:‘I hardly ever eat pizza.’
Never: ‘Japanese people never wear shoes inside.’
Time Expressions we use with the Present Continuous
With the present continuous we use these time expressions:
(Notice that the time expression can come at the start or at the end of the sentence.)
At the moment: ‘I’m watching TV, at the moment.’
These days: ‘Paul’sliving in Cardiff, these days.’
Now: ‘What are you doing, now?’
Nowadays: ‘I think you are smoking too much, nowadays.’
Complete these sentences below using either the present simple or present continuous.
* (Play) I__________golf every weekend.
* (Play) The children____________ outside at the moment.
* (Work) Haruka____________today.
* (Work) You can’t borrow my lawnmower becauseit doesn’t____________
* (Make) Smells good! What are you____________?
* (Make) My husband never____________me breakfast.
* (Live) Pauline is____________in Hong Kong.
* (Live)Do you still____________with your parents?
* Final del formulario

PRESENT SIMPLE vs. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

1) Copia la estructura básica del presente simple y del presente continuo en tu cuaderno.Después traduce el “grammar summary” utilizando este diccionario:

http://www.wordreference.com/es/

2) Practica después en los siguientes links el presente simple y el presente continuo. Recuerda que las expresiones de tiempo y los adverbios de frecuencia te dan pistas!

http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/simcon1.htmhttp://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/simcon2.htm
http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs1.htm
http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/sp_or_pc.html
http://www.isabelperez.com/happy/tenses/exercises/present_5.htm
http://www.isabelperez.com/happy/tenses/exercises/present_6.htm
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-13689.php
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-13846.php3) Copia y traduce las frases del enlace 4º del ejercicio anterior en tu cuaderno
CAN/ CAN´T |
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We use 'can' to talk about 'possibility'. * Can you do that? * I can't manage to do that. * You can leave your car in that parking space. * You cannot smoke in here.Notice that there are two negative forms: 'can't' and 'cannot'. These mean...
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