VIII. GUAYAQUIL PORT
1. ECONOMIC INFORMATION
The economy of Ecuador is the eighth biggest of Latin America after those of Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru and Chile.
The economy of Ecuador is based mostly on exports of bananas, oil, shrimp, gold, other primary agricultural products and money transfersfrom nearly a million Ecuadorian emigrants employed abroad.
The Autority Port de Guayaquil (APG) was established in 1958 as an independent organization to plan, finance, operate, and maintain the Port of Guayaquil and its harbor. In 1995, the National Council adopted the “Landlord Port” model, authorizing the delegation of port services to private parties. Since 1999, the APG has grantedconcessions for the operations of its bulk, container, and multi-purpose terminals to private operators.The Port of Guayaquil handles 93% of the country's container traffic (representing 453 thousand TEUs) and 62% of its total cargo traffic of 5.6 million tons, making it the 13th busiest port in the Caribbean and Latin America. The Port of Guayaquil operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. TheContainer Terminal in the Port of Guayaquil has three berths, each 185 meters long, and over 290 thousand square meters of paved container-handling area. The Multi-purpose Terminal has five 185-meter piers with more than 85 thousand square meters of warehouse space, including 5.4 thousand square meters for dangerous cargoes and 4.1 thousand square meters for refrigerated and chilled cargoes. The BulkTerminal has one pier of 155 meters, three 8.9 cubic meter silos, two warehouses with capacity for 900 metric tons each, a grain warehouse with capacity for 30 thousand metric tons, and tanks for liquid cargoes (one vegetable oil tank of 240 cubic meters and three tanks for heavy liquids with capacity for 9.8 thousand cubic meters).
Guayaquil is the principal port of the Republic of the Ecuador,across which there is mobilized 70 % of the exterior trade that handles the Port National System. It was constructed during the period 1.959 - 1963. The privileged location of the port constitutes an incentive for the capture of traffics of the routes of the distant east and of the American continent, specially the relative ones to the coast of the Pacific. Likewise, it is turns out to be highlysuitable for the concentration of Latin-American loads destined to cross the channel of Panama with destination to the east coast of the continent or towards Europe and Africa. The legal frame on the one that develops his activities, allows to the private companies to exercise without constraint the port activity. The Ecuador is immersed in a successful action of modernization both of ports and ofcustoms, generating a high degree of reliability for the investments that are realized in the country. The port of Guayaquil possesses an infrastructure adapted for the development of the international trade, for which possesses ideal means for the execution of the operations. In the port there lend all the services needed by the ships and the goods across operators deprived of high specializationwho, under the supervision of the Port Authority, act in free competition to satisfy the requirements of the most demanding users, achieving high efficiency and reduction of costs.
2. GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION
The Maritime Port of Guayaquil is located on the western coast of South America, in an arm of the sea, the Salty Tideland, to ten Kilometres to the south of the mall of the city of thesame name Ecuador is an equidistant country between both western ends of the American continent. Guayaquil, his principal commercial port, is located inside the gulf the same name; being this one the most important geographical point of the coast west of South American.
Access to the Terminal Port
The access to the port terminal from the sea realizes it across a natural arm that to the...