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INSTITUTO SAN BERNARDO DE LA SALLE
GUÍA DE ESTUDIO
IRO EDUARDO ARIAS – OSCAR JAVIER ABRIL CASTILLO GRUPO AREA HUMANIDADES ASIGNATURA LENGUA EXTRANJERA No GRADO 9TH

PROFESOR. ESTUDIANTE PERÍODO II

1. PROPOSITO DEL AREA Utilizar asertivamente las habilidades comunicativas de la lengua inglesa en diferentes contextos. 2. PROPÒSITO DE ASIGNATURA Reportar hechos reales y ficticios de suentorno. 3. PROPÓSITO DEL PERÍODO Reconocer el presente, pasado y futuro perfectos, para conversar de propias experiencias cotidianas. 4. REJILLA DE INDICADORES DE LOGRO AFECTIVA I COGNITIVA I EXPRESIVA I Manifiesta entusiasmo por el Identifica el presente, pasado y Utiliza oraciones en presente, uso del presente, pasado y futuro perfectos en inglés. pasado y futuro perfectos en futuro perfectos eninglés. inglés. AFECTIVA II COGNITIVA II EXPRESIVA II Valora la utilidad que tiene el Comprende el uso del presente Reconoce el presente, pasado y presente, pasado y futuro pasado y futuro perfectos en futuro perfectos, para conversar perfectos oraciones en Inglés inglés. de sus propias experiencias. AFECTIVA III COGNITIVA III EXPRESIVA III Se compromete a utilizar el Relaciona situaciones diariasPropone momentos de la vida presente, pasado y futuro con el presente, pasado y futuro diaria utilizando el presente, perfectos en situaciones perfectos. pasado y futuro en Inglés. diarias. 5. CONTEXTUALIZACIÓN We use the present perfect for an action in the past with a result now. The present perfect is built with (have + verb in past participle). With regular verbs the past participle is –ed (thesame as the past simple) e.g. I have cleaned. With irregular verbs the past participle is sometimes the same as the past simple and sometimes different. Now, we use the present perfect continuous to put emphasis on the duration of an action which started in the past and continuous up to the present. Modal verbs are special verbs which behave very differently from normal verbs. 6. ENSEÑANZAS 6.1.ENSEÑANZA (1) We use the present perfect when we talk about a time from the past until now. We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, oneday, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc. The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result. For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs,3rd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed”

CONGREGACIÓN DE LOS HERMANOS DE LAS ESCUELAS CRISTIANAS DISTRITO LASALLISTA DE BOGOTÁ

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INSTITUTO SAN BERNARDO DE LA SALLE
GUÍA DE ESTUDIO

6.1.1 EJEMPLO Form of Present Perfect Positive I / you / we / they I have spoen. Negative I have not spoken. Question Have I spoken?

he / she / it He hasspoken. He has not spoken. Has he spoken? Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’ Exceptions in spelling when adding ed Example after a final e only add d love – loved final consonant after a short, stressed vowel admit – admitted or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled travel – travelled 6.1.2 EJERCICIOS Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple). 1. I (not / work)______________today. 2. We (buy) ________________a new lamp. 3. We (not / plan) _______________our holiday yet. 4. Where (be / you) ________________? 5. He (write) _____________five letters. 6. She (not / see) _______________him for a long time. 7. (be / you) ____________at School? 8. School (not / start) ___________yet. 9. (speak / he) ____________to his boss? 10. No, he (have / not) ____________the...
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