U.S. Department of Agriculture U.S. Department of Health and Human Services www.dietaryguidelines.gov
This publication may be viewed and downloaded from the Internet at www.dietaryguidelines.gov. Suggested citation: U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. 7th Edition, Washington,DC: U.S. Government Printing Ofﬁce, December 2010. The U.S. Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Health and Human Services (HHS) prohibit discrimination in all their programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability and, where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, politicalbeliefs, reprisal, or because all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To ﬁle a complaint ofdiscrimination, write to USDA, Director, Ofﬁce of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410, or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA and HHS are equal opportunity providers and employers. December 2010
MESSAGE FROM THE SECRETARIES
We are pleased to present the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. Based on the most recent scientiﬁc evidence review, thisdocument provides information and advice for choosing a healthy eating pattern—namely, one that focuses on nutrient-dense foods and beverages, and that contributes to achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. Such a healthy eating pattern also embodies food safety principles to avoid foodborne illness. The 2010 Dietary Guidelines are intended to be used in developing educational materials andaiding policymakers in designing and carrying out nutrition-related programs, including Federal nutrition assistance and education programs. The Dietary Guidelines also serve as the basis for nutrition messages and consumer materials developed by nutrition educators and health professionals for the general public and speciﬁc audiences, such as children. This document is based on the recommendationsput forward by the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. The Committee was composed of scientiﬁc experts who reviewed and analyzed the most current information on diet and health and incorporated it into a scientiﬁc, evidence-based report. We want to thank them and the other public and private professionals who assisted in developing this document for their hard work and dedication. Ourknowledge about nutrition, the food and physical activity environment, and health continues to grow, reﬂecting an evolving body of evidence. It is clear that healthy eating patterns and regular physical activity are essential for normal growth and development and for reducing risk of chronic disease. The goal of the Dietary Guidelines is to put this knowledge to work by facilitating and promotinghealthy eating and physical activity choices, with the ultimate purpose of improving the health of all Americans ages 2 years and older. We are releasing the seventh edition of the Dietary Guidelines at a time of rising concern about the health of the American population. Americans are experiencing an epidemic of overweight and obesity. Poor diet and physical inactivity also are linked to major causesof illness and death. To correct these problems, many Americans must make signiﬁcant changes in their eating habits and lifestyles. This document recognizes that all sectors of society, including individuals and families, educators and health professionals, communities, organizations, businesses, and policymakers, contribute to the food and physical activity environments in which people live....