Gustave eiffel

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Early life
Gustave Eiffel was born French. In 1879, his Germanic surname was changed to Eiffel. During his youth, the two strongest influences on Eiffel were two successful chemists, his uncles Jean-Baptiste Mollerat and Michel Perret. Both men spent a lot of time with young Eiffel, teaching him everything from chemistry and mining to religion and philosophy. Eiffel was extremely clever, but notvery studious. While attending high school at, Eiffel felt that the classes were a waste of time. It was not until his last two years that Eiffel found his niche; not in engineering, but in history and literature. Eiffel's study habits improved and he graduated with a degree in both science and humanities. Eiffel went on to attend college at Sainte Barbe College in Paris, in order to prepare forthe difficult entrance exams into the most prestigious engineering institutions in France. Ultimately, Eiffel attended the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in Paris where he studied chemistry, receiving the equivalent of a Master of Science degree in 1855. The "École Centrale" was a liberal private school that is now known as one of the top engineering schools in Europe. His mother's coalbusiness provided ample income for the family and provided the funds for Gustave to receive his university education. The year 1855 was the year that Paris hosted the first World's Fair. After graduation, Eiffel's uncle offered him a job at his vinegar works in Dijon, France. However, a family dispute removed that opportunity, and Eiffel soon accepted entry-level employment with a company thatdesigned railway bridges.
Charles Nepveu granted Eiffel with his first job as one of many project managers for a railway bridge located in Bordeaux, France. When during construction fellow engineers were steadily quitting, Eiffel eventually took charge of the entire project. Nepveu saw the work that Eiffel performed on site, and continued to provide him with other positions that involved projectmanagement of railway bridges and structures. During these projects, Eiffel met other engineers who recommended him to work on other developments. Charles Nepveu had a strong influence on Eiffel. He is known to have helped him at the start of his career.





Alexandre Gustave Eiffel

Born December 15, 1832
France
Died December 27, 1923 (aged 91)
Paris
Nationality French
WorkSignificant projects Eiffel Tower and Statue of Liberty

Signature
Buildings and structures
• Eiffel Tower, France
• Nice Observatory, Nice, France
• Paradis Latin, Paris, France
• The Market, Dijon, France
• The Market, Olhão, Portugal
• Estación Central (main railway station), Santiago, Chile
• Budapest Nyugati Pályaudvar (Western railway station), Budapest, Hungary
• Grand Hotel Traian,Iaşi, Romania (1882)
• Konak Pier, Izmir, Turkey
• Cathedral of San Pedro de Tacna, Peru
• El Palacio de Hierro, Orizaba Veracruz, Mexico
• Palácio de Ferro (Iron Palace) in Maputo, Mozambique
• Palácio de Ferro (Iron Palace), Angola
• Catedral de Santa María, Chiclayo, Peru
• Statue of Liberty, Liberty Island, New York Harbor, United States
• Condominio Acero, Monterrey, México
• The GeneralPost Office, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
• Church of Santa Barbara, Santa Rosalia, Mexico
• San Sebastian Church, Manila, Philippines

Eiffel Tower
History
The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World's Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. Three hundred workers joined together 18,038 pieces of puddleiron (a very pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million rivets, in a structural design by Maurice Koechlin. Eiffel was assisted in the design by engineers Émile Nouguier and Maurice Koechlin and architect Stephen Sauvestre. The risk of accident was great as, unlike modern skyscrapers, the tower is an open frame without any intermediate floors except the two platforms. However,...
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