He global competitiveness report 2008–2009

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The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–2009

Michael E. Porter, Harvard University Klaus Schwab, World Economic Forum

World Economic Forum Geneva, Switzerland 2008

The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–2009
KLAUS SCHWAB World Economic Forum MICHAEL E. PORTER Harvard University Co-Directors, The Global Competitiveness Report

The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009 © 2008 WorldEconomic Forum

The Global Competitiveness Report 2008–2009 is published by the World Economic Forum within the framework of the Global Competitiveness Network.

World Economic Forum Geneva Copyright © 2008 by the World Economic Forum All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic,mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise without the prior permission of the World Economic Forum. ISBN-13: 978-92-95044-11-1 ISBN-10: 92-95044-11-8 This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully managed and sustained forest sources. Printed and bound in Switzerland by SRO-Kundig.

AT THE WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM

Professor Klaus Schwab Executive Chairman Professor XavierSala-i-Martin Chief Adviser of the Global Competitiveness Network Fiona Paua Senior Director, Head of Strategic Insight Teams
GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS NETWORK

Jennifer Blanke, Director, Senior Economist, Head of Global Competitiveness Network Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz, Director, Senior Economist Irene Mia, Director, Senior Economist Thierry Geiger, Economist, Global Leadership Fellow Ciara Browne,Senior Community Manager Agustina Ciocia, Community Manager Eva Trujillo Herrera, Research Assistant Patrick McGee, Research Assistant Pearl Samandari, Coordinator

AT HARVARD UNIVERSITY

Michael Porter Bishop William Lawrence University Professor
INSTITUTE FOR STRATEGY AND COMPETITIVENESS

Christian Ketels, Principal Associate Richard Bryden, Director of Information Products Mercedes Delgado,Institute Fellow and Assistant Professor at Temple University

We thank Hope Steele for her superb editing work and Ha Nguyen for her excellent graphic design and layout. The terms country and nation as used in this report do not in all cases refer to a territorial entity that is a state as understood by international law and practice. The terms cover well-defined, geographically self-containedeconomic areas that may not be states but for which statistical data are maintained on a separate and independent basis.

The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009 © 2008 World Economic Forum

Contents

Partner Institutes

v

Part 2: Country/Economy Profiles and Data Presentation
2.1 The Executive Opinion Survey: The Voice of the Business Community
by Ciara Browne, Richard Bryden,Mercedes Delgado, and Thierry Geiger

65

Preface
by Klaus Schwab

xi 67

Part 1: The Competitiveness Indexes
1.1 The Global Competitiveness Index: Prioritizing the Economic Policy Agenda
by Xavier Sala-i-Martin, Jennifer Blanke, Margareta Drzeniek Hanouz, Thierry Geiger, Irene Mia, and Fiona Paua

1
2.2 Country/Economy Profiles 3 79
How to Read the Country/Economy Profiles................................81 List of Countries/Economies .........................................................83 Country/Economy Profiles .............................................................84

2.3 Data Tables 1.2 Moving to a New Global Competitiveness Index
by Michael E. Porter, Mercedes Delgado, Christian Ketels, and Scott Stern

353

43

How to Read the DataTables......................................................355 Index of Data Tables ....................................................................357 Data Tables ..................................................................................359

Technical Notes and Sources

493

About the Authors

497

Acknowledgments

500

The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009 © 2008 World Economic...
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