II. The Vatican City
III. The Vatican
A. Archives and files
A.I. First Christian years
A.II. XVII to XX century
A. III. XXI century
IV. The Holy Inquisition
V. Child abuse scandals
C. Secret strategy
VI. Nazis and the Vatican
B. The Ustashas
A.I. Vatican’s help and reaction
C. Situation today
VII. The case against the Knights Templar
VIII. Access to the Secret Archives
IX. Real Content
A. Cresenzio Sepe’s Case
B. Agca´s Case
X. The Vatican’s Credibility Today
Some people believe the secret archives of theVatican to be innumerable novels and weird theories, others think they are just stuff that any institution save, and some internet pages define them partially as the documentation of the Holy See, which is situated in the Vatican City and is one of the most important centers of historical information in the world, saving around 160 thousand documents and an extension of around 52 miles, according tothe Vatican. However, the extreme secrecy with which these archives are stored makes us think that they hide more than just records and historical papers, but valuable information that could probably change the perception of the faith to the ones who follow the Roman Catholic Church.
The Vatican City State, not the Vatican itself, is a city-state, which territory consists in an enclavewithin the city of Rome, Italy, with an area of approximately 44 hectares, and a population of over 800 people. It was founded in 1929, by the Lateran Treaty, on behalf of the Holy See and by Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy. This treaty brought the city-state into existence, and describes it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the largest states of the Pope. Mostof the territory used by the city-state was absorbed into the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.
The Vatican was built over the place where Saint Peter was buried. Roman Emperor Constantine had a grand church built over the small shrine which had once marked the grave of St. Peter. This Church was then demolished to established St. Peter’s Basilica. The rest of the Vatican buildings were built nearbythis grand last church, because of the desire to be close to where the first Bishop of Rome was buried.
It is known that some of the archives stored in the Vatican are diplomatic correspondence, documentation, and enactments saved by the Holy See of the Catholic Church during centuries. The oldest stored document goes back to the eighth century, while the rest of the archives storedwithout been interrupted because of historical events or wars, goes back to 1198. A lot of historians believe that very important historical documents that could make the world understand part of the occidental history are hidden in the Vatican, almost ensuring that the Catholic Church does not want us to know some events that could involucrate them as an institution.
There is almost nothingabout the first Christian centuries, in part because of the persecutions against Emperor Diocletian in the late third century. The first archives are developed during the fourth century, in St. John Lateran, in the Roman Basilica. During the same period, the Castel Sant Angelo file was also developed. During the Middle Ages, due to the battles and wars among the different empires, all the archives gotlost.
In the XVII century, around 1610, the secret archives are gathered under the orders of Pope Paul V and were completely hidden from public. In 1810, under the orders of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, the files of the Holy See are moved to Paris, France, and then given back to the Vatican, situated in Rome. It is not necessary to tell that many archives got lost way to Italy. In the...