Santa Cruz de la Sierra, commonly known as Santa Cruz, is the capital city of the Santa Cruz department in eastern Bolivia. The municipality's populationwas 1,756,926 in 2010 (official estimate) and the urban population is 2,102,998 in 2010 (official estimate) which makes it the largest city in Bolivia.
Santa Cruz de la Sierra wasfounded on February 26, 1561 by Ñuflo de Chávez who gave the new settlement its name, which means "Holy Cross of the Hills," in honor of his beloved native city in Extremadura, Spain. Chávezwas a Spanish captain whose biggest legacy was the expansion of colonization through virgin rainforest and savanna areas in southeastern South America. His campaign started in Buenos Aires -then Argentina's capital city - to the second biggest settlement, Asunción - then Paraguay's capital city - and finishing with the last of the larger settlements, Santa Cruz de la Sierra.Each of the three cities helped to consolidate the colonization of several indigenous populations through what was named as Audiencia de La Plata, a type of administrative province during thecolonial stage of Latin America's history. The Audiencia de La Plata consolidated what today is Argentina, Uruguay, the three Southern states of Brazil, Paraguay, and the south, southeast, andnorth of Bolivia, inclusively the state of Acre which is currently part of the Brazilian Federation. Santa Cruz is the largest city in Bolivia. Presidido por el Gobernador de la Provincia,Daniel Román Peralta, hoy se rubricó un Convenio entre el Ministerio del Interior de la Nación y el Gobierno de Santa Cruz. En este sentido cabe destacar que el Convenio marca que las partes secomprometen a desarrollar cursos de capacitación política organizado por el Instituto Nacional de Capacitación Política (INCAP) en conjunto con el Ministerio Secretaría General de la Gobernación.