This work begins in the way of how to understand and deliver to the gym Oxford knowledge about Roman civilization of the year 72 after Christ in the first century. The following also know the different basic shapes of geometry in order to understand the construction of the ancient Roman Coliseum classical, know the history of the Roman Empire, further comprising a structure thatjuice paper as prestigious as it was in the amphitheater periods of classical Rome, the Middle Ages, in the modern age and high level of tourist attraction in this, together with all its technological advances that we see and most importantly its goal of building.
Although, at present know the coliseum as one of the most emblematic buildings of ancient Rome, as well as our current and also forits great architectural level soccer stadiums, the Coliseum society gathered around the time a show, but unlike our present footballers gladiators risked their lives with each of the battles they had there, and also the magnificent large sums of money and charm of women for this sacrifice, the life gladiators primarily earned with every victory1, thus “There were many categories of gladiators, whowere distinguished by the kind of armor they wore, the weapons they used, and their style of fighting. Most gladiators stayed in one category, and matches usually involved two different categories of gladiator. The following examples will illustrate some of the different types of gladiators which modern scholars have identified:
Thracian: Wide-brimmed crested helmet with visor, high greaves onboth legs, arm protector, very small shield, and short, curved sword (similar to Spartacus).
Secutor: Egg-shaped helmet with round eye-holes, greave on one leg, arm protector, legionary-style shield and sword (scutum and gladius). The secutor was called a “chaser,” probably because he was frequently paired with the retiarius, who used running as one of his tactics.
Retiarius (“net-and-trident”fighter): Arm protector (often topped with a high metal shoulder protector), large net, trident, small dagger, no helmet; the retiarius was the only type of gladiator whose head and face were uncovered. Since he wore practically no defensive armor, the retiarius was more mobile than most gladiators but was also more vulnerable to serious wounds. Looking at the retiarius in this mosaic, one has toask, “Why is this man smiling?” because the secutor appears about to stab him.
Bestiarius: This was a special type of gladiator trained to handle and fight all sorts of animals. The bestiarii were the lowest ranking gladiators; they did not become as popular or individually well known as other types of gladiators. Although this relief depicts bestiarii wearing armor, most depictions show themwithout armor, equipped with whips or spears, wearing cloth or leather garments and leggings.”2
Then in the next job will be to understand the events of death and other activities held there to be had by an inner vision of what will someday call Flavian amphitheater. The architecture we will emphasize on measures and functions of the sand, the structure, the facade, the cavea and velarium.JUSTIFICATION
Inicialmente el coliseo romano es un lugar público de la civilización romana mejor denominado como anfiteatro, este poseía la capacidad de tener más de 50.000 espectadores y acompañado de todo esto es además uno de los tantos monumentos fundados desde el año 753 a.C con la Historia de la Antigua Roma.
El coliseo con su aproximadamente 2000 años deantigüedad es un por así llamarlo milagro de la arquitectura, de él se parte para diseñar los hoy mas grandes estadios de futbol de todo el mundo. Luchas con bestias y ejecuciones se desarrollaban allí para darle significado a la industria del entretenimiento y es asi como para la historia de la antigua roma después del incendio que casi acaba con Pompeya y la muerte de Vespasiano el actual emperador...