Historia de etiopia

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History of ethiopia
The historical origins of Ethiopia it is necessary to look for them in Axum's kingdom, which already existed in the 2nd century B.C. In the 4th century the christianity got. Thepowerful kingdom started declining after the defeat of Mecca (570) opposite to the Muslims. In 1270 there is inaugurated the dynasty Solomónica, which gives beginning to the Empire of Ethiopia.Between the XVth and XVIth century the territory was reconquered. In the XVIIth and XVIIIth century, the capital of the kingdom moves to Gondar, the above mentioned period is characterized by theinternational isolation. In the middle of the 19th century the country begins to go out of his medieval isolation, under the reign of the emperors Teodoro II, Yohannes IV and Menelik II.
During the Europeandistribution of Africa of the 19th century Ethiopia preserved his independence, nevertheless, in 1895 the Italian invasion happens, from his colony in Eritrea. In 1931 there takes up office to thethrone the emperor Haile Selassie, establishing an absolutist regime. In 1935 the Italian troops invaded and conquered Ethiopia, happening to be call Abyssinia. In 1936, the territory Italian happens toform a part officially of the Eastern Africa. During the Second World war, the Italian defeat in Africa returned the power to Haile Selassie. In 1952 the UNO approved the federation of Ethiopia and ofEritrea, turned into a democratic country later.
In 1974 in the middle of a sharp political and social crisis, a revolution demolished the emperor Haile Selassie, assuming the power a Military Meetingknown as the Derg. In 1977 it assumes the control of the Derg Mengistu Haile Mariam who restored a socialist regime. During this period the economy is socialized, lines up on behalf of the Sovietblock and the illiteracy fights, managing it to reduce from 90 % to 37 %. Though it suffers a terrible famine in 1984, owed partly to the numerous fronts opened against the internal guerrilla warfares,...
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