Spartacus (Greek: Σπάρτακος, Spártakos; Latin: Spartacus[1]) (c. 109–71 BCE) was a famous leader of the slaves in the Third Servile War, a major slaveuprising against the Roman Republic. Little is known about Spartacus beyond the events of the war, and surviving historical accounts are sometimescontradictory and may not always be reliable. Nevertheless, all sources agree that he was a former gladiator and an accomplished military leader.
Spartacus'sstruggle, often interpreted as an example of oppressed people fighting for their freedom against a slave-owning oligarchy, has found new meaning since the19th century.[2] The story of Spartacus has also proven inspirational to many modern authors of literature, history, political commentary, film, andtelevision.

Origins



Balkan tribes, including the Maedi
The ancient sources agree that Spartacus was a Thracian. Plutarch describes him as "a Thracianof Nomadic stock".[3] Appian says he was "a Thracian by birth, who had once served as a soldier with the Romans, but had since been a prisoner and sold fora Gladiator".[4] Florus (2.8.8) described him as one "who from Thracian mercenary, had become a Roman soldier, of a soldier a deserter and robber, andafterward, from consideration of his strength, a gladiator".[5] Some authors refer to the Thracian tribe of the Maedi,[6][7][8] which in historic timesoccupied the area on the southwestern fringes of Thrace (present day south-western Bulgaria).[9][10] Plutarch also writes that Spartacus's wife, a prophetess [continua]

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