HISTORY OF LONDON
Apparently, the first inhabitants of the region currently occupied by London have been a Celtic tribes. However, we consider that the true origin of the city dates back to the year 55 b.c., when the Roman Julius Caesar arrived in the area and decided to create a port called Londinium (something like 'Fort Lake' in Breton), on the North Bank of the Thames Estuary. The Citydeveloped; a bridge over the River was built and Londinium became the most important commercial point in this sector of the Empire. The Romans built a temple in honor of Mithras and a great perimeter wall; some of their remnants are still visible today.
In the third and fourth centuries A.D. , the Romans, threatened by the north, left thecity, but the trade has continued to flourish. However, invasions of Nordic peoples had destroyed much of the city, a period that is known as 'Dark Age', dark time.
In the year 796, the anglo-saxons took over the country and settled in London the royal residence. Half a century before the arrival of the Normans, Edward the Confessor built his own abbey and palace at Westminster. Economically Thecity was reborn and sumptuous monuments were erected, such as the White Tower in the eleventh century. After the victories of William the Conqueror, the city became the capital of the country.
London of post-war and late 20th century
In 1952, Queen Elizabeth II came to the throne and attempted to modernize the city, but the damage caused by the attacks werevery serious. It was not possible to recover the docks, so should resign revive the port and its activity was moved to Tilbury. The population expanded towards the periphery, giving rise to Greater London. Dwellings without aesthetics and modest estates in devastated areas were built quickly. Little by little, the city became a pole of financial, attracting thousands of workers each day. Began toappear the first skyscrapers, although only few could be described as spectacular. To the 1950s, London became a modern, cosmopolitan and multicultural capital.
Visit the many museums of the city clear is not possible in a single trip, even can take days go only one. Among those who deserve emphasize is wecan mention the Natural History Museum, very interesting especially for children, the British Museum, which houses collections of jewels and priceless antiques, or the curious Madame Tussaud Wax Museum, while contemporary art has its place in the Tate galleries. West End is the theatrical area par excellence for the followers of this art. Shakespeare fans will find a space without equal in theShakespeare's Globe Theater.
And for lovers of the outdoors, London has with around 140 parks and gardens... 30% of its surface of green spaces! Beautiful Royal gardens in lathe of stately palaces like Buckingham Palace, Kensington or the Royal Botanical Garden around the small, Kew Palace, and many others equally beautiful and care you can enjoy natureinsofar as changing London time permitting.Since then this it should not miss the traditional ceremony of change of Royal Guard front of Buckingham Palace. Takes about 45 minutes and is done with rigorous punctuality at 11.30 hs., daily from April to July and day for half the rest of the year, except for very rainy days.
Moving away from the center of the cityis Greenwich, a less bustling area where you can visit the Royal Observatory and the point where the famous Meridian passes. Between the most modern curiosities you have to see the Millennium Dome, questioned work inverted plate-shaped, and the impressive barrier built on the Thames to contain floodwaters.
TIPS FOR TRAVEL TO LONDON
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