Tak'alik Ab'aj is an ancient pre-Hispanic city situated in El Asintal, Department of Retalhuleu at the pacific piedmont of Guatemala*. This important long distance trade andcosmopolitan cultural center is transcendent because of its long history which endured 1700 years (800 B.C. - 900 A.D). At its beginnings Tak'alik Ab'aj interacted and participated with the Olmec culture, and at its surmise, was one of the protagonists in the development of the early Maya culture. This particularity in addition to the extraordinary production of sculpture programs during these twoimportant cultural periods, make Tak'alik Ab'aj unique in the history of Mesoamerica.
Previous excavations conducted in the center of Structure 6 - one of the most important ceremonial buildings of the main architectonic complex called Central Group at Tak'alik Ab'aj - revealed a series of precious offerings. These offerings were deposited in a sequence of episodes into the earthen construction fill ofone of the last versions of this building during the first part of Early Classic (150-300 B.C. - Phase Alejos).
These offerings consisted of ceramic vessels, the most beautiful of these vessels is decorated with a stepped fret design; a small pedestal stone sculpture, re-used to ceremonially grind jadeite, plenty of intentionally broken stone grinding artifacts for maize or probably cacao(metates), a pyrite mosaic mirror and a few pieces of jadeite.
On March 23, 2010 the team of archaeologists of Tak´alik Ab´aj, discovered in the ongoing excavations at the center of Structure 6 another extraordinary treasure: an offering of 50 jadeite mosaics which had been deposited into the soil of the mentioned construction fill.
These mosaics compose a miniature ceremonial head with celt likeplaques hanging underneath the chin, which were worn as part of the ceremonial waist belt of the rulers, as is vastly represented at the Maya steles from Preclassic to Classic times.
These miniature ceremonial heads are made of jadeite mosaics, masterfully worked in order to fit neatly together like a puzzle.
In previous excavations at Tak'alik Ab'aj archaeologists had experienced the uniqueopportunity to find a miniature ceremonial head made of blue jadeite mosaics in situ in the royal burial No. 1 which had been introduced in Structure 7, the most sacred building of the Central Group by end of the Late Preclassic (200 B.C. -150 A.D. - Phase Ruth). The precise position of the miniature mosaic head in the waist area of the burial confirmed by then that effectively those miniatureheads were part of the ceremonial waist belt, an element which can be considered as important in the royal outfit worn by the rulers as the headdress.
Formerly at the western architectonic complex called West Group at Tak'alik Ab'aj, a massive jadeite mosaic offering had been found at Structure 86, dated to the first part of Early Classic (150-300 B.C. - Phase Alejos). Those mosaics, correspondingto 4 jadeite mosaic ceremonial head assemblages had been deposited in a vessel decorated with a stepped fret design.
Offering of jadeite mosaics assemble a miniature ceremonial head with a unique bat headdress
The archaeologists, trying to assemble the recently discovered ceremonial head mosaics from Structure 6, were surprised to find out that the mosaics, additionally to the ceremonial head,form a bat miniature head as the headdress of the ceremonial head itself. This particularity distinguishes and makes this ceremonial miniature head unique. With the present ceremonial jadeite mosaic miniature head, Tak'alik Ab'aj has 6 of those ceremonial miniature heads. This quantity seems superior to the miniature ceremonial jadeite mosaic heads registered at any other archaeological site in...