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  • Publicado : 10 de mayo de 2011
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Spain's history is typical of a European nation, covering the period between prehistory and the present time, through training and fall of the first global empire. The first humans arrived in theIberian Peninsula in the territory of modern Spain 35,000 years ago. During the following millennia the area was invaded and colonized by Celts, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks, and around 200 a. C.most of the Iberian Peninsula became part of the Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, has been in the United Visigothic the embryo of the present Spain. This kingdom was established in the V centuryand continued until the early eighth century. In 711 came the first invasion of Muslims from North Africa and in a few years these dominated much of the Iberian Peninsula. During the 750 years,independent Moorish kingdoms were established but the total area of Muslim control was known by the name of al-Andalus. While the rest of Europe remained in the dark ages, al-Andalus flourished culturally,scientifically and artistically. The continuing tensions between Muslims and Christians following the Reconquista had already begun in the eighth century the Christian resistance in northern Spain andacross the centuries with the advance of Christian kingdoms to the south, culminating in the conquest of Granada and the expulsion of the last Moors in 1492. During this period Christian kingdoms andprincipalities developed remarkably, including the most important, the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon. The union of these two kingdoms through marriage in 1469 of Queen Isabella I ofCastile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon led to the creation of the Kingdom of Spain.
The year 1492 is also remembered as the year in which the Catholic Monarchs sent the explorer Christopher Columbusacross the Atlantic Ocean in search of a new trade route to Asia. The arrival of Columbus to the New World and the subsequent development of the Spanish Empire led Spain to a golden age. Over the next...
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