The administration appears since the man began to work in society,
forming groups to achieve objectives and ensure the coordination of individual efforts, theadministration has been essential throughout the historical process through which society has increasingly relied on more responsibilities in the collective efforts.
50,000 YEARS AGO MAN WAS AHUNTER-GATHERER.
* Develop tools to improve their living conditions.
* He went to collector, to harvest, hunt and save.
Already this was a distribution of tasks: hunting man and woman collects and stores.Once there arises a division of labor.
Pass from nomadism to settlement and begin to appear:
* Family Structure
* Collective ownership
* Equal distribution of what they had
* Simple tools.
*Cooperatives are beginning to be a leader (council of elders) who leads the group.
Was a momentous event in human history, was characterized by the replacement of human laborby machines. The types of organization were the guilds, formed by a group of people from the same specialty or occupation, in each there was a clear hierarchy between the learner, the officer and theteacher.
As the Industrial Revolution, is defined the set of major technical innovations that emerged in Britain.
CHANGES AND CONTRIBUTIONS
Changes in production systems
Reduction of the costsof production
Shown the great inventions
Appear class social worker
Gone small craft
Is the process of planning, organizing, directing and controlling the use of resourcesand work activities in order to achieve the objectives or goals of the organization efficiently and effectively.
3. EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT THEORY
a) SCIENTIFIC THEORY
Is due to theattempt to apply the methods of science to the problems of management, to achieve high industrial efficiency. The main scientific methods applicable to management problems are observation and...