The Indians in north American When colon I come to the new world there were approximately hundred millions of Indians in the whole American continent. The Indians of North American were living though approximately ten millions. They were divided in 600 nations and tribes. In this most, the economy of them was based on the hunt, he fishing, thecompilation, of wild roots and of ballas and seeds. Some agricultural technologies particularly the culture of the maize, beans gourd, they were carried out in some zones of the south-east and southwest. The Indians in North American were different in this environment. The animals were used as dresses and housings, his bones, for weapon and utensils. The nation Indian North Americans had differentforms of government, only some of them were directed by an absolute leader. It was more commonly that a group of powerful nobles was showing the power. The chiefs were chosen by his merits, specially by his warlike exploits, choosing the chiefs thus is probably what more was distinguishing the Indians of north American of his neighbors of the south. Some nations met forming federations.
Theabove mentioned federations were an alliance for a reciprocal protection. Iroquois’s federation (iroqueses) to the north of the condition of new York was probably the important more. Nevertheless, the majorities of the nations preferred being independent and few federations were formed very. Afterwards, this attitude, the military superiority of the whites and the diseases, they contributed to thedefeat of the Indians.
Observations on the colour, shape, temper, and dress:
The Indians are of a copper or red-clay colour -- and they delight in every thing, which they imagine may promote and increase it: accordingly, they paint their faces with vermilion, as the best and most beautiful ingredient. If we consider the common laws of nature and providence, we shall not be surprized at this custom;for every thing loves best its own likeness and place in the creation, and is disposed to ridicule its opposite.
If a deformed son of burning Africa, was to paint the devil, he would not do it in black colours, nor delineate him with a shagged coarse woolly head, nor with thick lips, a short flat nose or clumsy feet, like those of a bear: his devil would represent one of a different nation orpeople. But was he to draw an agreeable picture, -- according to the African taste, he would daub it all over with sooty black. All the Indians are so strongly attached to, and prejudiced in favour of, their own colour, that they think as meanly of the whites, as we possibly can do of them. The English traders among them, experience much of it, and are often very glad to be allowed to pass musterwith the Indian chieftains, as fellow-brethren
Of the human species. One instance will sufficiently shew in what flattering glasses they view themselves.
Some time past, a large body of the English Indian traders, on their way to the Choktah country, was escorted by a body of Creek and Choktah warriors. The Creeks having a particular friendship for some of the traders, who had treated thempretty liberally, took this opportunity to chide the Choktahs, before the traders, in a smart though friendly way, for not allowing to the English the name of human creatures: -- for the general name they give us in their most favourable war-speeches, resembles that of a contemptible, heterogeneous animal.
The hotter or colder the climate is, where the Indians have long resided, the greaterproportion have they either of the red, or white, colour. I took particular notice of the Shawano Indians, as they were passing from the northward, within fifty miles of the Chikkasah country, to that of the Creeks; and, by comparing them with the Indians which I accompanied to their camp, I observed the Shawano to be much fairer than the Chikkasah; * though I am satisfied, their endeavours to...