Hiv en africa

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  • Publicado : 29 de abril de 2010
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Introduction. a. What is HIV/AIDS? Historical context of HIV/aids.
Body.
What is the impact of AIDS on Africa?
Effects in several fields:
a. on life expectancy
b. on children.
c. on healthcare.
d. on schools
e. on productivity
f. on economic growth and development
How are different countries in Africa affected by HIV and AIDS? The mostinfected regions in Africa
HIV prevention in Africa Different ways to prevent this disease
HIV/AIDS related treatment and care in Africa Antiretroviral drugs
Conclusion What needs to be done to make a difference in Africa?
International support
Domestic commitment
Reducing discrimination
Sub-Saharan Africa is more affected by HIVand AIDS than any other region of the world. An estimated of 22.4 million people are living with HIV in this region; around two thirds of the global total. Because of the lack of prevention, treatment and care efforts, it is probable that the AIDS death in sub-Saharan Africa will continue to raise, this means that the impact of the AIDS epidemic on these societies will be highestin the next ten years. Its social and economic consequences are already remarkable, not only in the health sector but also in education, industry, agriculture, transport, human resources etc.
So now is a compromise of the entire world, by the entire world I mean all the rich countries, to help this region of the world, and to inform other countries that don’t know about this problem, so subSaharan Africa can be saved.
Does the world have the power and the wisdom to challenge and save Africa from HIV?
HIV is a virus that is transmitted from person to person through the exchange of body fluids such as blood, semen, breast milk and vaginal secretions. Sexual contact is the most common way to spread HIV AIDS, but it can also be transmitted by sharing needleswhen injecting drugs, or during childbirth and breastfeeding. As HIV AIDS reproduces, it damages the body's immune system and the body becomes susceptible to illness and infection. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS, is a condition that describes an advanced state of HIV infection.
HIV/AIDS has existed in the USA for more than two decades. The first cases were reported inthe U.S. in June of 1981, starting with Patient Zero, a gay flight attendant from Canada who became the first known AIDS case in USA. He infected numerous gay men in the states, and is also a reason why people first began to think that HIV only infected gay people. Apparently, HIV was first called GRID: Gay-Related-Immunodeficiency, however, we now know that this is not the case.
Healthexpenditure in Africa has never been adequate, either before or after independence. The health care systems inherited from colonial powers were oriented toward curative treatment rather than preventative programs.
In many countries of sub-Saharan Africa, AIDS is erasing decades of progress made in extending life expectancy. Millions of adults are dying from AIDS while they are still young,or in early middle age. Average life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa is now 47 years, when it could have been 62 without AIDS, and In the worst affected countries, average life expectancy has fallen by twenty years because of the epidemic.
The impact that AIDS has had on regular life expectancy is in part attributed to child mortality, it has increased the death of babies thatare born with HIV infections acquired from their mothers. But The biggest increase in deaths, has been among adults aged between 20 and 49 years.
It is hard to understand the trauma that children affected by HIV and AIDS are forced to tolerate. The epidemic not only causes children to lose their parents, but sometimes their childhood too. When parents and family...
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