Aristotle, Political Theory
(Polis, government and eudemonia)
“Of all the things worthy of admire in the world, there is nothing more admirable than the man.”ˡThis was the Greek feeling about how people should be organized to get all of them the happiness that they as human deserved. That is why Greek thinkers, specifically Aristotle started to ideate aconcept that could help to get their objective of happiness. The concept they created was the polis, in this citizen community that had the man as its center, there was ruling the freedom of men not anymore aspects that men could not handle with, just like the nature or the willingness of gods, in other words there was ruling men’s ability of thinking and reasoning, creating problems and resolvingthem as the same time.
For Aristotle the political nature of men and this concept of polis are tightly interlaced because is just here, in the polis where men feel able to achieve all theirobjectives. From the point of view of this philosopher, the polis is the political community by excellence as it involves the social nature of men, because human is a social animal that cannot live alone itcan only exist if it is into a society.
With these elements into the society, man can get a good quality of living and with this also reach the desired happiness or eudemonia. In other words all themen movements are focused on getting self satisfaction according to their abilities of reason. And it is through this process that men stop being just a social animal and become a political animalthat participate into a political and citizen life.
The political theory of Aristotle recognizes three main aspects.
1. Man has in his own the word and language. With these features he canexpress himself, his ideas linked with other men and perhaps originate a controversy.
2. Man is a social and political animal in his nature.
3. Ethic, the main aspiration of men into the idea of...