Copyright © 2010 by Jeremy Keith All rights reserved Publisher: Jeffrey Zeldman Designer: Jason Santa Maria Editor: Mandy Brown Technical Editor: Ethan Marcotte Copyeditor: Krista Stevens ISBN 978-0-9844425-0-8 A Book Apart New York, New York http://books.alistapart.com 1234567890
A Brief History of Markup
The Design of HTML5
Web Forms 2.0
Using HTML5 Today Index
A B R I E F H I S TO RY O F M A R K U P
format. Rather than inventing a new standard, Sir Tim saw the benefit of building on top of what already existed—a trend that can still be seen in the development of HTML5.
There was never any such thing as HTML 1. The firstofficial specification was HTML 2.0, published by the IETF, the Internet Engineering Task Force. Many of the features in this specification were driven by existing implementations. For example, the market-leading Mosaic web browser of 1994 already provided a way for authors to embed images in their documents using an tag. The img element later appeared in the HTML 2.0 specification. The role ofthe IETF was superceded by the W3C, the World Wide Web Consortium, where subsequent iterations of the HTML standard have been published at http://www.w3.org. The latter half of the nineties saw a flurry of revisions to the specification until HTML 4.01 was published in 1999. At that time, HTML faced its first major turning point.
After HTML 4.01, the next revision to the language was called...
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