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Was built during the reign of Emperor Vespasiano c. 72 AD and dedicated in 80 AD by his son Titus, its original name was Anphihteatrum Flavie.
Over 64meters high with eighty entrances, the Coliseum could hold upwards of 50,000 spectators. Public events such as gladiator fights, mock naval battles and wildanimal hunts were held at the Coliseum.
During the staged fights as many as 10,000 people were killed. Fighters were slaves, prisoners or volunteers.Spectators saw persecuted Christians killed by lions.

The Coliseum is considered as the greatest work of roman architecture and engineering., because of thesize of this building, and because of the elaborated system of mechanisms it had, like pulleys that unfolded a sunshade, or the aqueduct and the hydraulicelevation mechanisms that filled the arena with water to represent naval battles.
It was built with marble, concrete, and volcanic rocks.
The arena itselfwas 83 meters by 48 meters, It comprised a wooden floor covered by sand to absorb blood, covering an elaborate underground structure called the hypogeum. Itconsisted of a two-level subterranean network of tunnels and cages beneath the arena where gladiators and animals were held before contests began.Coliseum is a New Wonder of the World because it has survived for almost 2000 years, resisting earthquakes and fires, and it represents an important part ofItalian culture.
It also is a Wonder of the World because of the complex engineering and architecture that it had, showing us the power of Roman civilization.
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