Ideas and beliefs in architure and industrial design

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© Ivar Holm, 2006 ISSN 1502-217X ISBN 82-547-0174-1 CON-TEXT THESIS Doctoral thesis delivered at Oslo School of Architecture and Design. Publisher Oslo School of Architecture and Design. Cover illustraition: Anne Mellbye. Print: Unipub as Book design: BMR

In memory of my father

CONTENTSCONTENTS.................................................................................................. V ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ....................................................................... IX ABSTRACT ................................................................................................ XI PREFACE ................................................................................................ XIII 1 INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY...........................................1 1.1OUTLINE OF THE CHAPTER STRUCTURE ...................................................1 1.2 BACKGROUND, OBSERVATION, INTEREST AND DEMARCATION ................2 1.2.1 Field of study and clarification of terms.........................................4 1.2.2 Design with its values are of consequence ...................................11 1.2.3 Demarcation of the intended scope..............................................13 1.3 RESEARCH METHOD ..............................................................................16 1.3.1 Research challenges and possibilities ..........................................18
1.3.1.1 Analytical serendipity ....................................................................... 22 1.3.1.2 Research challenges within the domain of values............................. 24 1.3.1.3 Research challenges within the domain of design............................. 26 1.3.1.4 Reflection over practical limitations and opportunities .................... 30

1.3.2 Framework and Logical Argumentation.......................................31
1.3.2.1 Introduction to Logical Argumentation............................................. 32 1.3.2.2 Testability ofcultural and discursive logical systems ....................... 37

1.4 SUMMARY .............................................................................................40 2 INTRODUCTION TO VALUES ............................................................43 2.1 INTRODUCTION TO VALUES FROM A GENERAL PERSPECTIVE .................43 2.1.1 The anthropological, social scientific and economicperspective 46 2.1.2 The personal perspective ..............................................................48 2.1.3 Value hierarchies..........................................................................49 2.1.4 Values’ link to behaviour and decision.........................................52 2.2 INTRODUCTION TO VALUES IN DESIGN ..................................................54 2.2.1 Designvalues as indicated by design history ...............................57 2.2.2 Contemporary value discourse .....................................................62
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2.2.3 Design education from a value perspective..................................65 2.3 SUMMARY .............................................................................................69 3 VALUES IN THE DESIGN PROFESSION..........................................71 3.1 THE CONCEPT OF PROFESSION ...............................................................72 3.1.1 Defining the concept of profession ...............................................73 3.1.2 The emergence of professions.......................................................78 3.1.3 Critique and challenges linked to professions..............................823.1.4 Ethical guidelines and standards..................................................85 3.2 THE DESIGN PROFESSIONS’ SPECIFICITY ................................................86 3.2.1 The artist that lives inside the professional designer....................87 3.2.2 Pluralism tendency within design profession ...............................94 3.2.3 Designer’s unsettled relation towards...
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