Ideologias

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IDEOLOGIES OF THE 19TH CENTURY
Liberalism and capitalism
Nationalism
Socialism
Anarchism
Luddites and Chartism

The Context of the Ind. Rev
The industrial revolution transformed the entiresociety
The way people produced its goods
The way people live
The way people thought
Social Inequality and exploitation of workers showed society was still divided in social classes as it wasduring the Middle Ages

The Context of the Ind. Rev
As Theo-centric and the theory of “Divine Right” were the ideas of the ruling class during the Old Regime, Social Darwinism was the argument topreserve the establishment of the early capitalism

Types of society
Primitive – Slavery – Feudalism - Capitalism
The Context of the Ind. Rev
Elimination of barriers to int. trade broght the expansionof the markets
Waterways
Railroads
Before 1870 capitalist factory owners remained largely free to hire labor on their own terms
Some unions were organized

Liberalism
Came from theenlightenment ideas and the illustration movement first known as liberalism it started as a political movement then it became a pure economic thought
Course of Ideas
1500s –1600s – 1700s – 1800s
Renaissance – Scientific Revolution – Enlightenment – Liberalism

Liberalism
Concepts
Liberalism (an idea and theory): PoliticalPhilosophy that promotes individual freedoms ¿what kind of individual freedoms you remember?
Capitalism (is the materialized ideology of liberalism): economic and political system based on the ideas ofAdam Smith of liberalism
Capitalism is the
Liberalism
Main ideas
Liberalism:
Principles of laissez-faire
business competition
private ownership of the means of production
Social DarwinismLimited suffrage: right of vote and hold office would be open only to men who met certain property qualifications
This ideology was tied to the Bourgeoisie: middle class men, middle industrial class...
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