Ann is in her car. She is on her way to work.
She is driving to work.
This means: she is driving now, at the time of
speaking. The action is not finished.
Ainlis/are -ing is the present
I AM (= I’m) driving
he/she/it IS (= he’s etc.) Working
we/you/they ARE (= we’re etc.) Doing etc.
I am doing something = l’m in the middle ofdoing something; I‘ve started doing it and 1 haven’t finished yet.
Often the action is happening at the time of speaking:
• Please don’t make so much noise. I’m working. (Not ‘I work’)
• ‘Where’s Margaret?’ ‘She’s having a bath.’ (not ‘she has a bath)
• Let’s go out now. It isn’t raining any more. (not ‘it doesn’t raim’)
• (at a party) Hello, Jane. Are you enjoying the party? (not ‘do youenjoy’)
• I’m tired. I’m going to bed now. Goodnight!
Some more examples:
• Catherine wants to work in Italy, so she is learning Italian. (but perhaps she isn’t learning Italian exactly at the time of speaking)
• Some friends of mine are building their own house. They hope it will be finished before next summer.
We use the present continuous when we talk about things happening in aperiod around now (for example, today / this week / this evening etc.):
• ‘You’re working hard today.’ ‘Yes, I have a lot to do. (not ‘you work hard today’)
• ‘Is Susan working this week?’ ‘No, she’s on holiday.’
We use the present continuous when we talk about changes happening around now:
• The population of the world is rising very-fast. (not ‘rises’)
• Is your English getting better?(not does your English get better’)
1 i Complete the sentences with the following verbs in the correct form:
come / get/ happen / look/ make/ start / stay / try / wok
1. ‘You working... hard today.’ ‘Yes, 1 have a lot to do.’
2. I am looking for Christine. Do you know where she is?
3. It is getting dark. Shall 1 turn on the light?
4. Theyhaven’t got anywhere to live at the moment. They are staying with friends until they find somewhere.
5. ‘Are you ready, Ann?’ ‘Yes, I am coming
6. Have you got an umbrella? It is starting to rain.
7. You are making a lot of noise. Could you be quieter? I am trying to concentrate.
8. Why are ah these people here? What is happening?
Use the words ¡ti brackets tocomplete the questions.
1. Is colin working this week? ’ ‘No, he’s on holiday.’ (Colin/work)
2 Why are you looking at me like that? What’s the matter? (you)look)
3 Jenny is a student at university.’ ‘Is she? What is the studying ?‘ (shelstudy)
4 is anybody listening to the radio or can 1 turn it off? (anybody/listen)
5 How is your English? Is it getting better? (it/get)
Putthe verb into the correct form. Sometimes you need the negative (I’m not doing etc.).
1 Fm tired. I am going... (go) to bed now. Goodnight!
2 We can go out now. It isn´t raining (rain) any more.
3 ‘How is your new job? Not so good at the moment. I am not enjoying (enjoy) it
4 I want to lose weight, so this week I am not eating (eat) lunch.
5 Angela has just startedevening classes. She is learning (learn) German.
6 I think Paul and Ann have had an argument. They are not speaking (speak) to each
Read this conversation between Brian and Sarah. Put the verbs into the correct form.
SARA: Brian! How nice to see you! What (1) are you doing .... (you/do) these days?
BRIAN: I (2) am traing (train) to be asupermarket manager.
SARAH: ReaIly? What’s it like? (3) are you enjoying (you/enjoy) it?
BRIAN: It’s ah right. What about you?
SARAH: Well, actually I (4) am not working (not/work) at the moment.
I (5 am trinig (try) to find a job but it’s not easy.
But I’m very busy. I(6) am decorating (decorate) my fiat.
BRIAN:7 I are you doing (you/do) it alone?
SARAH: No, some friends of mine...