The Sioux or Dakota Indians are a large and powerful nation of Indians, who were found by the French, in 1640. They actually came to North America from the continent of Asiaabout 30,000 years ago. They were made up of seven tribes but all of them spoke the same language. The name Sioux actually means “little snake” which was given to the tribe by the Chippewa Indians.LOCATION
Sioux Indians have lived on the Great Plains located in the Midwest for hundreds of years. They lived on the area of Minnesota, North Dakota, some lived near the Mississippi River, andothers lived in southern Manitoba, Canada. They nomadic, meaning that they never really stayed in one place for a very long amount of time. Typically they followed the pattern of the buffalo, assuringthem that there would be food and clothing wherever they traveled. Today Sioux live on reservations which are lands set aside for Native Americans.
At one time the Sioux Indianslived in tent like homes called teepees.
The teepee was the perfect home for Sioux Indians because they moved frequently to follow the buffalo herds. The teepee was made from poles forming a coneshaped triangle; it was covered with animals’ skins. They were portables and easily to move. The women would put the teepee on while the men were out hunting.
Buffalo was the main foodfor the Sioux Indians. Keeping it fresh was very hard. It was dried and could be stored for a long time.
Some of the dried meat was pounded into powder and mixed with and hot melted buffalo fat andberries to form pemmican. Women collected berries in the summer. Some berries were eaten fresh but many were dried and stored so they could be used as food and jewelry. The Sioux men also hunted and atedeer, moose, elk, wolves, coyotes, rabbits, prairie chickens and many others birds and small animals were also trapped. Vegetables were a very important part of the Sioux Indians’ diet.