In grammar, a conjunction (abbreviated conj or cnj) is a part of speech that connects two words, phrases or clauses together. This definition may overlap with that ofother parts of speech, so what constitutes a "conjunction" should be defined for each language. In general, a conjunction is an invariable grammatical particle, and it may or may not stand betweenthe items it conjoins.
The definition can also be extended to idiomatic phrases that behave as a unit with the same function as a single-word conjunction (as well as, provided that, etc.).Coordinating conjunctions, also called coordinators, are conjunctions that join two or more items of equal syntactic importance, such as words, main clauses, or sentences. In English the mnemonic acronymFANBOYS can be used to remember the coordinators for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. These are not the only coordinating conjunctions; various others are used, including:ch. 9:p. 171"and nor" (British), "but nor" (British), "or nor"(British), "neither" ("They don't gamble; neither do they smoke"), "no more" ("They don't gamble; no more do they smoke"), and "only" ("Can weperform? Only if we practice").
Here are the meanings and some examples of the FANBOYS coordinating conjunctions in English:
* for: presents a reason ("He lost all his money, for he gambled toolong.") (though "for" is more commonly used as a preposition)
* and: presents non-contrasting item(s) or idea(s) ("They gamble, and they smoke.")
* or: presents an alternate item or idea("Every day they gamble or they smoke.")
* nor: presents a non-contrasting negative idea ("They don't gamble, nor do they smoke.")
* but: presents a contrast or exception ("They gamble,but they don't smoke.")
* yet: presents a contrast or exception ("They gamble, yet they don't smoke.")
* so: presents a consequence ("He gambled too long, so he lost all his money.")