“Independencia de México”
Integrantes del equipo
Independence of México
In 2010 Mexico will celebrate its 200 years of Independence.
Actually, it has two celebrations: thefirst is the Bicentennial of Independence (1810) and the second, no less important, is the7 Centennial celebración of the Mexican Revolution of 1910.
On the Mexican Independence Daywe celebrate the events. Before the independence, the country was controled by Spain. over the territory of New Spain.
Every 16th of September, there is a Mexican party. On thisday, Mexicans all over the world celebrate Mexico’s independence from Spanish rule.
As you know, indigenous peoples were the first to inhabit what is now known as Mexico. They createdgreat civilizations such as the Olmec, the Teotihuacan, Maya, Toltec, and of course the most powerful of all, the Aztec Empire.
Fueled by three centuries of oppresion and sparked bya call to revolt by the respected Catholic priest Hidalgo, the first call to arms was made in the village of Dolores, in the state of Guanajuato. The uprising pitted the poorindigenous indians and mixed mestizo groups against the priviledged classes of Spanish descent, and pushed them into a violent and bloody battle for freedom from Spain.
Setting the stageShortly before dawn on September 16, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla made a monumentous decision that revolutionized the course of Mexican history. Within hours, Hidalgo, a Catholicpriest in the village of Dolores, ordered the arrest of Dolores' native Spaniards. Then Hidalgo rang the church bell as he customarily did to call the indians to mass. The message thatHidalgo gave to the indians and mestizos called them to retaliate against the hated Gachupines, or native Spaniards, who had exploited and oppressed Mexicans for ten generations.
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