(The Cry of Dolores)
Hidalgo's Call For Mexican Independence
On September 16, 1810, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, parish priest of the village of Dolores, gathered hiscongregation of Indians and mestizos and called for Mexican independence, with the exile or arrest of all Spaniards (gachupines) in Mexico who had oppressed and exploited the native populations forhundreds of years. He ended his speech by calling out "Mexicanos, Viva Mexico!" (Mexicans, long live Mexico!) – which was doubly significant since the country was known as Nueva España (New Spain) at thattime.
Though the criollos (Mexican-born people of Spanish heritage) had already been plotting independence, this new movement was far more violent, and ultimately far more effective. From Dolores, therevolutionaries went to San Miguel de Allende, and from there to Mexico City, gathering more and more supporters. Along the way they acquired an banner with the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe,which became a rallying point. The Virgin of Guadalupe is the patron saint of Mexico, and a woman of color, an important symbol of Mexico in its own right.
After a long and bloody struggle, Mexico'sindependence was finally recognized in 1821 by the Spanish viceroy, 11 years after Father Miguel Hidalgo's fateful decision.
Ever since, Mexico has celebrated the anniversary of "El Grito" in the Zocaloof Mexico City on the night of the 15th of September. The President of the Republic of Mexico starts the ceremony by ringing the actual bell from Padre Hidalgo's church and repeating the words ofMiguel Hidalgo's call for independence, culminating at midnight with fireworks and cries of "Viva Mexico". Miguel Hidalgo's speech is repeated from the balconies of every Presidencia (Mayor's Office) inthe country as part of the traditional independence celebration that are part of the Fiestas Patrias.
El El 15 de Septiembre en México se celebra el día del "Grito de Dolores" o "Grito de...