Indicadores de gestión de servicios de salud públicos y asignación de recursos desde el Ministerio de Salud de Chile
Hugo Salinas P1,2, Marcia Erazo B2a, Alvaro Reyes P3b, Sergio Carmona G1, Patricio Veloz R4c, Francisca Bocaz E1, Paulina Silva P1d, Rodrigo Carvajal G1d.
Indices of public health services and resource allocation from the Health Ministry of Chile
Background: Chile has a National Health Services System, formed by 29 Health Services. An efficient resource distribution among this services is crucial for an efficient health care delivery. Aim: To obtain indices from the Chilean Public Health Services, that could improve allocation of resources. Material and methods: Information from the Chilean Public Health Services, corresponding to activities during 2001 budgetary period, was collected. This is the latest complete and official information for the totality of Health Services in the country. Seventeen variables generated or monitored by the Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas (INE), the Ministerio de Salud (MINSAL), the Ministerio de Hacienda, the Ministerio de Planificación y Cooperación (MIDEPLAN) and the Fondo Nacional de Salud (FONASA) were studied. The Main Components Analysis (ACP) was used, obtained from the R correlation matrix. Results: The first two main components were selected, with an accumulated percentage of explained variability of 63.05%. The first component is related to the population assigned to each Health Service. This corresponds to the number of people needed to treat in the hospitals of these Services and their answer to this demand, justified by the expenses in which each Health Service incurs. There is an inverse relation of the first component with health indicators, measured by burden of disease and death. The second main component would represent the social and economic characteristics of the population, poor and ery poor populations and public health insurance... [continua]
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