Indicadores

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E c o n o m i c

& S o c i a l

Indicators of Sustainable Development: Guidelines and Methodologies
October 2007 Third Edition

A f f a i r s

United Nations

Indicators of Sustainable Development:
Guidelines and Methodologies Third Edition

United Nations New York, 2007

DESA
The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interfacebetween global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environmental data and information on which States Members of the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock of policy options; (ii) it facilitates thenegotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint course of action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interested Governments on the ways and means of translating policy frameworks developed in United Nations conferences and summits into programmes at the country level and, through technical assistance, helps build national capacities.

NoteThe designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitations of its frontiers. The term “country” as used in the text of the present report also refers, asappropriate, to territories or areas. The designations of country groups in the text and the tables are intended solely for statistical or analytical convenience and do not necessarily express a judgement about the stage reached by a particular country or area in the development process. Mention of the names of firms and commercial products does not imply the endorsement of the United Nations.Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures.

United Nations publication Sales No. E.08.II.A.2 ISBN 978-92-1-104577-2 Copyright © United Nations, 2007 All rights reserved Printed by the United Nations, New York



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Contents

Foreword I. II. Introduction CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development

1 3 5

A. History . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 B. Latest review of the CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development . . . . . . . 6

III.

Overview of the revised CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development

9

A. General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 9 B. Addressing thematic linkages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 C. Relationship between MDG Indicators and CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 D. CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development, Agenda 21 and the JohannesburgPlan of Implementation . . . . . . . . . . 27

IV.

Applying CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development

29

A. Indicator selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 B. Adapting CSD Indicators of Sustainable Development for national sets . . . 32 C. Indicators as tools for measuring sustainabledevelopment processes at the national level. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

V.

A word on indicator frameworks

39

A. Driving force-state-response frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 B. Issue- or theme-based frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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