Infertility

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  • Publicado : 21 de marzo de 2011
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Treatment for Women :

* Clomiphene (Clomid, Serophene). This drug is taken orally and stimulates ovulation in women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or other ovulatory disorders. Itcauses the pituitary gland to release more FSH and LH, which stimulate the growth of an ovarian follicle containing an egg.
* Human menopausal gonadotropin, or hMG, (Repronex). This injectedmedication is for women who don't ovulate on their own due to the failure of the pituitary gland to stimulate ovulation. Unlike clomiphene, which stimulates the pituitary gland, hMG and other gonadotropinsdirectly stimulate the ovaries. This drug contains both FSH and LH.
* Follicle-stimulating hormone, or FSH, (Gonal-F, Bravelle).FSH works by stimulating the ovaries to mature egg follicles.
*Human chorionic gonadotropin, or HCG, (Ovidrel, Pregnyl).Used in combination with clomiphene, hMG and FSH, this drug stimulates the follicle to release its egg (ovulate).
* Gonadotropin-releasinghormone (Gn-RH) analogs. This treatment is for women with irregular ovulatory cycles or who ovulate prematurely — before the lead follicle is mature enough — during hMG treatment. Gn-RH analogs deliverconstant Gn-RH to the pituitary gland, which alters hormone production so that a doctor can induce follicle growth with FSH.
* Aromatase inhibitors. This class of medications, which includesletrozole (Femara) and anastrozole (Arimidex), is approved for treatment of advanced breast cancer. Doctors sometimes prescribe letrozole for women who don't ovulate on their own and who haven't respondedto treatment with clomiphene citrate. Letrozole is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for inducing ovulation. The drug's manufacturer has warned doctors not to use the drug forfertility purposes because of possible adverse health effects. These adverse effects may include birth defects and miscarriage.
* Metformin (Glucophage). This oral drug is taken to boost ovulation. It's...
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