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  • Publicado : 23 de agosto de 2012
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Chinese (language)

汉语
hàny
中(国语)文- 汉语 zhōng (guó yǔ) wén - hànyǔ

因祸得福 Yīn huò dé fú, because bad-thing got happiness

wǒ[men] (I[we]) - nǐ[men] (you) - nín (you polite) – ta[men] – (he&she) ++ dàjiā (all of us), zánmen 咱们 (2include who I speak2), yīqǐ (together)
qǐng (please) - zài jiàn 再见 (again see = bye) [zài=在=in,at]- Yīhuǐ'er jiàn 一会儿见 (in a moment see ≈ see you later) - shénmeshì (what’s up?) - shénme míngzi? (what's
your name?) - xièxie - bu kè qì /bucatshì/ ≈ Bié kèqì (thanks; yes, please – you’re welcome ≈ don’t be polite) - huānyíng (welcome) 欢迎 - duì bu qǐ - láojià - méi guānxi /mei
guanchì/ (I'm sorry - excuse me - it doesn't matter) - duì bu qǐ, shénme /shenma/? (I'm sorry, what?)
hǎo (well=good ≈OK) - hǎo ma? (OK?) - búcuò (OK, not bad) - kěyǐ (you can ≈OK,passable, not bad) – kěnéng (maybe, probably)
rènshi (to meet-know sb) - wèn /cuè/ (to ask) - shuō /shuoo/ (to say, to speak)
rènshi ni [wo yě /iě/也] hěn gāoxing (know you [me too] very happy ≈ nice to meet you [too]) - qǐng wèn (very very formal nice to meet you) - rènshi zhè[ge] rén ma? (know
this person? ≈ do you know this person?)
xǐhuan (to like) 喜欢 - yào (to want when you supose to get it,to order) - xīwàng (to hope-wish)
nǐ xǐhuan zuò shénme? (what do you like to do?) - wǒ xǐhuan shàngwǎng (Internet) - nǐ xǐhuan hé shénme yǐnliào? 你喜欢和什么饮料? (what drink do you want to
drink?)
là de, spicy - tián de, sweet - xián de, salty - suān de, sour - kǔ de, bitter xiǎng (to want-wish-want to be, to miss, to think) - jìsuànjī 计算机= diàn nǎo 电脑 (computer) gǔ lǎo ròu, sweet sour pork - qìshuǐ, soft drink - kě kǒu kě lè, coke - zhá
xiā piàn, prawn crackers - chūn juǎn, spring rolls - jiǎo zi, dumplings wǒ xiǎng chéngwéi jìsuànjī zhuānjià (I want to become a computer expert)
zhōng guó cài, Chinese food - kuài zi, chopsticks - níngméng jī, lemon
yǒu (to have, there be) – shì 事 (thing, work)
nǐ yǒu mèimei ma? (do you have a young-sister?) - Nǐ yǒu shé me shì? (what do you want?)chicken - bīng qílín, ice cream - chǎo fàn, fried rice - zhōngguó chá,
Chinese tea - shuǐ, water - nǐ xǐhuān chī shénme, what do you like to eat? néng 能 (can for possibility or permission) - 不用 Bùyòng (don’t need to)
nǐ xǐhuān hē shénme, what do you like to drink? - chǎo miàn, fried noodles xiǎoháizi bù néng hē kāfēi 小孩子不能喝咖啡 (child can not drink coffee) fàn guǎn, Restaurant - fúwù, Waiter - hǎoxiàng,To seem - wèizi, Seat Nǐ bùyòng dānxīn (you don’t have to worry)
zhuōzi, Table - diǎncài, To order - jiǎozi, Dumpling - pán, Plate - jiācháng
zhēn[de] (really) - Zhēn de ma? 真的吗? (really?) - nǐ ne /nina/ (and you?)
dòufu, Home style tofu - ròu, Meat - wǎn, Bowl - fàng, To put in - kě,
wǒ kāiwánxiào (I’m joking)
Thirsty - zhèixiē, These - gòu, Enough - è, Hungry - hǎo, Ready - hǎo chī,
qǐngyuánliàng (please forgive me) - tài qiǎole! 太巧了! (what a coincidence!)
Delicious - zhōngcān, Chinese food - tángcùyú, Fish in sweet and sour sauce
Nǐ kàn zěnmeyàng? 你看怎么样?(what do you think?) - méi mén 没门 (no way! = no door) - jí, Extremely - niúròu, Beef - liángbàn, Dress with sauce - mǐfàn,
Nǐ děng wǒ yīxià er, hǎo ma? (wait a little bit, OK?) - Qǐng shāo děng (please a little wait)
Cookedrice - Chúfáng (kitchen)
wǒ bù zhī dào (I don’t know) - shénme yìsi? /shenma is?/ (what meaning? ≈ what do you mean?) - ni shuō shénme? (what do you say?) - qǐng zài shuō yi bian (speak one again) wǒ méi tīng dǒng (I not listen understand ≈ I don’t understand what you said)
Bùjiàn bú sàn (Be there or be square)
Wǒ juéde nǐ shì (I think you are…) - Nǐ yào [zǒu] diǎnr kuài (You have to go a littlefaster) - Nǐ bùyòng dānxīn (you don’t have to worry) - Shuō màn diǎnr (talk a little slower)
the 的 phrase: subject + verb + verb/adjective + 的 - ne 呢 (question participle ≈ what about…)
dài shénme chī de? 带什么吃的?(what bring for eating?) - wǒ dài chī de. 我带吃的。(I bring for eating)- wǒ de bāo shì hóngsè de. 我的包是红色的。 (my bag is
red) - Hóng de shì wǒ de shū. 红的是我的书。(red is my book) - nǐ mǎi de...
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