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WRITING

WRITING TASK 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task. The graph and table below give information about water use worldwide and water consumption in two different countries.Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

Global water use by sector
3,000

Agriculture

2,000

km³Industrial use

1,000
Domestic use

0 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000

Water consumption in Brazil and Congo in 2000
Country Population Irrigated land Water consumptionper person

Brazil Democratic Republic of Congo

176 million

26,500 km²

359 m³

5.2 million

100 km²

8 m³

   

© IELTS Exam Preparation 2007 Taken from IELTS Sample section in http://www.ielts‐exam.net 

Model answer
This model has been prepared by an examiner as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possibleapproaches.

The graph shows how the amount of water used worldwide changed between 1900 and 2000. Throughout the century, the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural Purposes, and thisincreased dramatically from about 500 km³ to around 3,000 km³ in the year 2000. Water used in the industrial and domestic sectors also increased, but consumption was minimal until mid-century. From 1950onwards, industrial use grew steadily to just over 1,000 km³, while domestic use rose more slowly to only 300 km³, both far below the levels of consumption by agriculture. The table illustrates thedifferences in agriculture consumption in some areas of the world by contrasting the amount of irrigated land in Brazil (26,500 km³) with that in the D.R.C. (100 km²). This means that a huge amount of wateris used in agriculture in Brazil, and this is reflected in the figures for water consumption per person: 359 m³ compared with only 8 m³ in the Congo. With a population of 176 million, the...
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