This engineering focus on determining the most efficient methods to use the essentials factors of production, meaning: people, materials, machines, etc. to provide a certainservice, or in other cases, develop a product. In order to achieve this, an industrial engineer must know his way through the management of people, methods of business organization and technology.Basically, industrial engineers work to eliminate wastes of time, money, materials, energy, and other resources.
Something worth noting is the fact that many industrial engineers move intomanagement positions because the work is closely related to the work of managers. Before we dig any deeper, let’s learn a little about the origins of this science.
By the 18th century, the designs ofprocesses to optimize production were already being made by many people, highlighting the efforts made by Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow. This continued throughout the 19th century, taking the time toevolve into disciplines, one of which we call today industrial engineering.
By the end of the 19th century, courses of industrial engineering were already being taught by multiple universitiesin Europe. Little time later, in the beginning of the 20th century was established the first department of industrial engineering at Penn State University, 21 years before was awarded the firstdoctoral degree in 1930 by Cornell University.
The areas of industrial engineering involve operations management, management science, operations research, systems engineering, manufacturingengineering, ergonomics, safety engineering. However, the name of these may change depending of the viewpoint of the user.
To be able to develop these efficient methods is necessary to study the productrequirements carefully and then design manufacturing and/or information systems to meet the needed requirements, usually with the help of mathematical models and methods.
Along with these extensive...