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  • Publicado : 25 de noviembre de 2011
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OpenBSD F.A.Q

August 2011

2

Contents
1 Introduction to OpenBSD 1.1 What is OpenBSD? . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 On what systems does OpenBSD run? . . 1.3 Why might I want to use OpenBSD? . . . 1.4 Is OpenBSD really free? . . . . . . . . . . 1.5 How can I help support OpenBSD? . . . . 1.6 Who maintains OpenBSD? . . . . . . . . 1.7 When is the next release of OpenBSD? . . 1.8 What isincluded with OpenBSD? . . . . 1.9 What is new in OpenBSD 4.9? . . . . . . 1.10 Can I use OpenBSD as a desktop system? 1.11 Why is/isn’t ProductX included? . . . . . 2 Getting to know OpenBSD 2.1 Web Pages of Interest . . 2.2 Mailing Lists . . . . . . . 2.3 Manual Pages . . . . . . . 2.4 Reporting Bugs . . . . . . 13 14 14 15 15 16 17 17 17 19 19 19 21 22 22 23 27 35 36 36 36 37 37 39 41 42 44 44 4546 46

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3 Getting started with OpenBSD 3.1 Buying an OpenBSD CD set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Buying OpenBSD T-Shirts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Does OpenBSD provide an ISO image for download? . . . . .3.4 Downloading via FTP, HTTP or AFS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5 Selecting Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6 What is an appropriate ”first system” to learn OpenBSD on? 4 OpenBSD 4.9 Installation Guide 4.1 Overview of the OpenBSD installation procedure 4.2 Pre-installation checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Creating bootable OpenBSD install media . . . . 4.3.1Making a CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3.2 Creating floppies on Unix . . . . . . . . . 4.3.3 Creating floppies on Windows . . . . . . . 3

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4 4.4 4.5

CONTENTS Booting OpenBSD install media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Performing a simple install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 4.5.1 Starting the install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 4.5.2 The Install Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 4.5.3 Setting up disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 4.5.4 Choosing installation media and file sets . . . . . . . . . . 54 4.5.5 First boot! . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 4.5.6 One last thing... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Details for a more complex install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 4.6.1 Setting up the network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 4.6.2 Setting the Time Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 4.6.3 Custom fdisk(8) layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 4.6.4Custom disklabel layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 What files are needed for installation? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 How should I partition my disk? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Multibooting OpenBSD/i386 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Sending your dmesg to dmesg@openbsd.org after the install . . . 78 Adding a file set after install . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 79 What is ’bsd.rd’ ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Common installation problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 4.13.1 My Compaq only recognizes 16M RAM . . . . . . . . . . 81 4.13.2 My i386 won’t boot after install . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 4.13.3 My (older, slower) machine booted, but hung at the ssh-keygen steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
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