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Can the theater be considered an art?

Teacher:

Carlos Andres

Student:

Dominic R. Beer

Colegio Helvetia

Bogota

24.11.2010

OBJECTIVES

General Objective:

A view trough the history of theater and its different origins, understanding how theater can be seen as an art, and how people can look at it and its components as art.

Specific Objectives:

Describe thehistorical approach in Africa.

Describe the historical approach in Ancient Egypt.

Describe the historical approach in Rome and Greece.

Describe the historical approach in the American civilizations.

Describe the historical approach in the eastern civilizations.

Describe the historical approach of the European Middle Ages.

Describe the historical approach of the Renaissance indifferent locations.

Describe the historical approach of the Baroque and Neoclassicism.

Describe the historical approach of the modern theater.

Describe the basics of theater: - Text

- Address

- Acting

Index p.

1. Introduction

2. Historical approach

1. Africa

2. Vanguardtheater

3. Ancient Egypt

4. Greece and Rome

1. Roman Theatre

5. American civilizations

6. Eastern Civilizations

7. European Middle Ages

8. Renaissance

1. Theatre in Italy

2. England: Elizabethan theater

3. Spain: the comedy theaters

9. Baroque and Neoclassicism

10. Modern Theatre

3. Basics

1. Text2. Address

3. Acting

4. Other elements

4. Conclusion

5. Bibliography

1. Introduction

Theater it’s the branch of scenic arts related to act, that represents tails in front of an audience using a combination of speech, gesture, scenery, music, sound and show. It is also a literary gender which includes the different plays conceived for stage, in front of public. Thetheaters day is celebrated on 27 of March.

2. Historical approach

Most of the studies consider that the origins of theater should be look upon evolution of the magical rituals related to hunting, and also to the cave paintings, or the agriculture recollection. After the introduction of music and dance, they came to authentic dramatic ceremonies, where there was a call to the gods and thespiritual beginnings of the community, where it began to be expressed. These holy manifestations became a common factor at the beginning of scenic arts in all civilizations.

1. Africa[1]
The African theater within tradition and history it’s on the path of finding new ways. Everything predisposes in Africa to theater. The scene of rhythm and mimics, the avocation for the word are qualities that allAfricans share in bigger on it smaller measure and it makes out of them, native actors. Daily live of Africans goes on between rhythm and various ceremonies or religious rituals, conceived and generally leaved as real shows. Nevertheless, since Africa has always known this kind of ceremonies, it is fair to ask its self if it is really about theater and art; to the eyes of many this shows are toload with a religious meaning to be consider as such. Others believe that the different kinds of African theater hide a certain resemblance as in other times, the Greek tragedy. (pic 1)[2]
As an act they would never come totally to be theater, if it does not desecrates the power and possibilities of surviving, the black theater should reside upon its capacity of keeping its specificity.
In theindependent Africa it’s taking place a new way of theater, this new theater is compromised, militant conceived to defend the identity of a folk which has achieved independence.
2. Vanguard Theater

The new way theater is oriented actually to an investigation about the role of the actor, very close to that one of Jerzy Grotowsky and its lab theater. The way that in Libreville, Gabon, took...
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