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MAKING HEADWAY

Phrasal Verbs and Idioms

Graham Workman
Oxford University Press

Making Headway Upper-Intermediate

Phrasal Verbs and Idioms
Graham Workman

Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press Great Clarendon Street. Oxford osz

Acknowledgements
~ D P

Oxford New York Athens Auckland Bangkok Bogota Bombay Buenos Aires Calcutta Cape Town Dar es Salaam DelhiFlorence Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madras Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Nairobi Paris Singapore Taipei Tokyo Toronto and associated companies in Berlin Ibadan
OXFORD

Illustrations by Kevin Baverstock Caroline Church David Murray Nigel Paige Bill Piggins Location photography by Rob Judges The publishers would like to thank the following for their permission to reproduce photographs:Barnaby's Picture Library Channel 4 News Format Partners Photo Library Impact Photos Ltd Network Photographers The Telegraph Colour Library Ltd

and OXFORD ENGLISH are trade marks of Oxford University Press
O Oxford University Press 1993

ISBN 0 19 435509 8 First published 199 3 Third impression 1996

No unauthorized photocopying
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system. or transmitted. in any form or by any means. electronic. mechanical. photocopying. recording, or otherwise. without the prior written permission of Oxford University Press. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not. by way of trade or otherwise, be lent. resold. hired out. or otherwise circulated without the publisher's prior consent in anyform of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser. Typeset by Wyvern Typesetting Limited. Bristol Printed in Malta by Interprint

Contents
Foreword 4 Introduction 5 Introductory unit 7 Getting down to work 1 3 Looking round a flat 19 Healthy body, healthy mind 2 4 A place of your own2 9 Getting away from it all 3 3 Family relationships 38 You are what you wear 4 3 A narrow escape 4 8 Getting on in life 5 3 A nightmare journey 59 What's in the news? 6 4 Across a crowded room 70 Tapescripts 76 Answer key 88

Foreword
Students of English realize very early on in their learning career that prepositions present a problem. They collocate with nouns. adjectives. pastparticiples, and verbs, without rules or logic. Students simply have to learn that interested is followed by in, and good is followed by at. and go home has no preposition. Multi-word verbs, or phrasal verbs as they are often referred to, present a very special problem. English can make verb and particle (preposition or adverb) combinations easily and freely. The word particle has been used throughout thisbook, in order to avoid having to make the adverb/preposition distinction (to most students. the word after the verb in a multi-word verb is always a preposition). Multi-word verbs exist throughout the language. They express everyday actions such as Turn on the light: they can also have a variety of meanings such as Things worked out well. W e worked out the problem. She worked out in the gym,I've never been able to work him out. and The find price works out at f 10. Given the complexity of the area. the surprise is that learners are very keen to master it. They seem to sense that multi-word verbs are a vital component of English, and spoken English in particular. There is also the feeling that an understanding of common idioms will increase their comprehension, though most studentsinstinctively avoid trying to produce them. The best time to address these areas is at upper-intermediate and advanced levels, when students already have a certain grammatical and lexical foundation. This book goes a long way to helping students to unravel the complexity of multi-word verbs, preposition and adverb collocations. and idiomatic expressions. Students will find staged guidance in...
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