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Adjectives: they are words that describe a person, an animal or an object
There are two kinds of adjectives: short adjectives and long adjectives

Short Adjectives

They have one or two syllables. Example:

Rich
Poor
Long
Short

Long Adjectives

They have two or more syllables. Example:

Expensive
Comfortable
Beautiful
Modern

Classify the following adjectives into shortor long adjectives:

Funny, delicious, thin, intelligent, old, young,
dangerous, fast, slow, serious, careful, ugly, tall,
aggressive, cheap, polite, boring, exciting,

Short adjectives Long adjectives

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Comparison with short adjectives
To compare you need: two or more people, animals or objects. To compare with short
adjectives you need to add “er” to the adjective, and use the word “than” too.
Example:
JohnTommy
Age: 26 years old Age: 14 years old
Height: 1.82 mts Height: 1.52 mts

Comparing Age:
John is older than Tommy or
Tommy is younger than John
Comparing Height:
John is taller than Tommy or
Tommy is shorter than John
Exceptions to the rule

Short adjectives that finish in “y” , need to drop the “y” and change itfor
“i” before the”er”. Examples:

funny funnier
ugly uglier

Short adjectives with only one syllable and a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) before the last
letter of the word, need to repeat the last letter before the “er”, except the ones that finish in “w”

Bigbigger
Thin thinner
Slow slower
Practicing comparison with short adjectives.

Look at pictures, read the information about Tracy and Susan and compare them
using the adjectives in the box in the comparative form.

T R A C YS U S A N

Rich old young short tall heavy thin

Example: Tracy is shorter than Susan
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Weight: 78 kgs. Weight: 62 kgs
Age: 32 years old Age: 29 years old
Height: 1.60 mts. Height: 1.70 mts
Bank account: $450,000.00 Bank account: $2,700.00
Comparison with longadjectives
To compare you need: two or more people, animals or objects. To compare with long
adjectives you need to use the word “more” before the adjective, and use the word “than” too.

Example:

A pilot’s job is more difficult than a painter’s job.
A pilot’s job is more stressful than a painter’s job.
A painter’s job is more tiring than a pilot’s job.
A painter’s job is morerelaxing than a pilot’s job.

Compare the following chairs using the adjectives in the box
comfortable uncomfortable expensive beautiful modern relaxing


A rocking chair An armchair
Example: A rocking chair is more uncomfortable than an armchair
An armchair is less comfortable than a rocking chair
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