Names: Alina Ramos
Class: 3rd “D”
Date: Wednesday, May 25th, 2011
* To apply the knowledge acquired.
* To use the correct pronunciation.
* To use the vocabulary that I’ve learned.
Which one of these is the "Odd-One-Out"? Which one of these is different from the other three? The answer is speaking. The other three you can do alone, on your own, without anyone else. You can listen to the radio alone. You can read a book alone. You can write a letter alone. But you can't really speak alone! Speaking to yourself can be "dangerous" because men in white coats may come andtake you away!
That is why you should make every effort possible to find somebody to speak with. Where can you find people who can speak English with you? And how can you practice speaking when you are alone?
If you go to a language school, you should use the opportunity to speak to your teachers and other students. When you go home, you can still practice listening, reading andwriting, but you probably can't practice speaking. If your teacher asks you a question, take the opportunity to answer. Try to say as much as possible. If your teacher asks you to speak in pairs or groups with other students, try to say as much as possible. Don't worry about your mistakes. Just speak!
Many cities around the world have conversation clubs where people can exchangeone language for another. Look in your local newspaper to find a conversation club near you. They are usually free although some may charge a small entrance fee.
If you are living in an English-speaking country, you have a wonderful opportunity. Practice speaking to the local people such as shop assistants or taxi drivers. Even if you don't want to buy anything, you can ask questionsabout products that interest you in a shop. "How much does this cost?" "Can I pay by credit card?" "Which do you recommend?" Often you can start a real conversation - and it costs you nothing!
Definition of Terms
Present tense (abbreviated pres or prs) is a grammatical tense that locates a situation or event in present time. In English, the present may be used to express action in the present,a current state of being, an occurrence in the future, or an action that started in the past and continues.
There are two common types of present tense in most Indo-European languages: the present indicative (i.e., the combination of present tense and indicative mood) and the present subjunctive (i.e., the combination of present tense and subjunctive mood).
The English present tense can becombined with aspects in the following verbal constructions:
* present simple or simple present, which is used in several ways:
* to describe both habits and or routines (habitual aspect) (I eat breakfast every morning at 6:30. I go to work every day.), and general facts or the truth (The earth revolves around the sun.);
* to present thoughts, feelings, and other unchanging states(stative aspect) (I think so. I like it. It is hot. The sun always shines in the desert.);
* to indicate scheduled events in the near future (so that the simple “present” verb form actually indicates future tense) (I take the train tomorrow at 6:00.);
* to indicate events at any time in the future in a dependent clause (I’ll retire when I reach age 65.);
* to provide narratives such asinstructional narratives (Now I mix the ingredients; now I put the pan in the oven.).
In the present simple, English uses the verb without an ending (I get the lunch ready at one o’clock, usually.) except that in the third person singular, (after he, she, it, your friend, etc.) the suffix -s or -es is appended to the verb (It gets busy on the weekends. Sarah catches the early train.).