* TEACHER: ABDIAS SANCHEZ RUIZ
*ALCANTAR ZAMORA DELIA TAYMI
*ANDRADE MARTIN DEL CAMPO ANA CAROLINA
*ESPINO VEGA LIZETH MONSERRATH
*GARCIA NUÑEZ ALONSO ADRIAN
*HERRERA MALDONADO JUAN PABLO
*MEJIA CHAVEZ DULCE CARMINA
*TAPIA MARIN ERIKA
*VARGAS GUTIERREZ DIEGO YOVANI
FOURTH SEMESTER OF LAW
UNIT. 1 THE LAW
1.1 Definition | Pag.3 |
1.2 History | Pag.3 |
1.3 Common Law | Pag. 4 |
1.4 Civil Law | Pag. 5 |
1.5 Criminal Law (Penal) | Pag. 6 |
1.6 The Federal Court System | Pag. 9 |
1.7 The State Court System | Pag. 10 |
UNIT. 2 THE LABOR OF THE ATTORNEY
2.1 The needs of an attorney | Pag. 11 |
2.2 Obligations of the attorney with the client | Pag. 12 |2.3 Limitation of the attorney | Pag. 14 |
UNIT. 3 RIGHTS OF OWNERS OF REAL STATE
3.1 The property owners in Mexico | Pag. 15 |
3.2 Laws and obligations of the lessee | Pag. 15 |
3.3 The Lessor (During the lease) cannot | Pag. 16 |
UNIT. 4 MARRIAGE
4.1 The marriage is dissolved for two main reasons | Pag. 17 |
4.2 Origin of divorce | Pag. 18 |
4.3 Divorce or dissolution ofmarriage | Pag. 19 |
4.4 Types of testamentes according to his form | Pag. 20 |
4.5 Donation of organs | Pag. 21 |
4.6 Insurance | Pag. 22 |
4.6.1 Aim | Pag. 23 |
4.6.2 Operation | Pag. 23 |
4.7 Pensions | Pag. 24 |
Glosary | Pag. 25 |
Law (a loanword from Danish-Norwegian lov), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate,proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations; as well as punishments for those who do not follow the established rules of conduct.
Law is the formal regime that orders human activities and relations through systematic application of the force of politically organized society. In common law nations, such as The United Kingdom and the United States, laws consist of theaggregate of legislation, judicial precedents, regulatory enactments, and accepted legal principles.
Laws may require or proscribe given actions, as well as empower citizens to engage in certain activities, such as enter into contracts and draft wills. Laws may also simply mandate what procedures are to be followed in a given context; for example, the U.S. Constitution mandates how Congress, alongwith the President, may create laws. A more specific example might be the Securities and Exchange Act, which, along with the SEC, a regulatory body, mandates how public companies must go about making periodic disclosures to investors.
In most countries only professionals trained in the law can effectively understand and explain legal principles, draft relevant documents, and guide parties throughlegal disputes, whether with another private party (civil law) or with the government (often involving criminal law).
The civil law system takes as its major inspiration roman law and in particular the corpus juriscivilis of emperor Justinian and subsequent expounding and developments during the middle ages. Roman law was received differently and different countries. In some in wentinto force wholesale by legislative act i.e. it became positive law whereas in others it was diffused into society by increasingly influential legal experts and scholars.
Roman law was in place in the Byzantine Empire until its final fall in the 15th century. However subject was to multiple incursions and occupations in the latter Middle Ages its laws became widely available in western Europe itwas first received into the holy roman empire partly because it was considered imperial law and it Europe mainly because its students the only trained lawyers it became the basis of scots law though grayly rivaled by feudal common law in England it was taught academically at oxford and Cambridge but underlay only propose and matrimonial law inserted by common law when secularized and maritime law...