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María Josefa Cresencia Ortiz y Girón, popularly known as Doña Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez or La Corregidora (April 19, 1773 March 2, 1829) was aninsurgent and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence, which fought for independence against Spain, in the early 19th century. She was married toMiguel Domínguez, corregidor of the city of Querétaro, hence her nickname. Ortiz de Domínguez was the daughter of don Juan José Ortiz; a captain of LosVerdes regiment, and his wife doña Manuela Girón Ortiz was born in Valladolid today Morelia. Her godmother was doña Ana María de Anaya. Ortiz'sfather was killed in a battle during her infancy and her mother died soon afterMaría Sotera Ortiz, Josefa's sister, took care of her upbringing andmanaged to secure a place for her in the prestigious Colegio de las Vizcaínas in 1789She married Miguel Domínguez, a frequent visitor to the college, onJanuary 24, 1791 in Mexico City
The rebels had a large following, and Ortiz de Domínguez eventually managed to get a warning out through the townmayor, Don Ignacio Pérez. The news allowed the leaders of the conspiracy to abandon the town and prompted Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla to declare waragainst the Spanish colonial authorities, in which he made a speech to his followers known as Grito de Dolores ("Cry of Dolores"), in the early morning ofSeptember 16 of 1810, an event that signaled the start of the Mexican War of Independence.It honors all of those who fought and who died for Mexico.
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