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toAppendix 2

439
q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

TABLE A2.1 Identification of Known Repellent and Insecticide Active Ingredients, and Best Known Attractant Chemicals Mentioned in the Text
Common Name 2-butyl-2-ethyl-1,3propanediol Common Chemical Name Formula Name CAS No. 115-84-4
H O

440

Structural Formula

O H

A Acepromazine

61-00-71-[10-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)phenothiazin2-yl]ethanone

N

O

Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Uses

N

S

Acetaminophen

N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethanamide

103-90-2
H

N

O

H

O

q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Appendix 2

Acetic acid

Ethanoic acid

Methanecarboxylic acid Acetyl hydroxide (AcOH) Hydrogen acetate (HAc)

64-19-7
O H

O

AI3-357651-cyclohex-3-enyl(1-piperidyl) methanone

1-[3-cyclohexen-1-ylcarbonyl] piperidine

52736-58-0

N

O

AI3-37220 (SS220)

1-cyclohex-3-enyl(2-methyl-1-piperidyl)methanone

1-[3-cyclohexen-1-ylcarbonyl]2-methylpiperidine

77251-47-9

N

O

Allethrin

(2-methyl-1-propenyl)-2-methyl-4584-79-2 oxo-3-(2-propenyl)-2-cyclo-penten1-yl ester or mixture of cis- and trans-isomers

CH3 H3C C HC O C O CH3H3C

CH3 O

CH2

CH

CH2

441

(continued)

q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

TABLE A2.1 (continued)
Common Name Alpha-cypermethrin Common Chemical Name Formula Name rel-(R)-cyano(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl (1S,3S)-3(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate CAS No. 67375-30-8
Cl C Cl C H CH3 H CH3 C O N O C C O H

442

Structural Formula
(R )-alcohol(lS)-cis-acid

H

Cl C Cl H C

H

O C CH3 O

(S)-alcohol (lR )-cis-acid C C H H O N

CH3

Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Uses

Alphamethrin

[cyano-(3-phenoxyphenyl)-methyl] 3(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate

97955-44-7
CI O CI N C O

O

q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Appendix 2

B B-alanine

b-alanine

3-aminopropanoicacid

107-95-9
H O

H N H

O

Benzyl benzoate

Phenylmethyl benzoate

120-51-4

O

O

Butane

106-97-8

Beta-cyfluthrin

[cyano-(4-fluoro-3-phenoxy-phenyl)- 68359-37-5 methyl] 3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2dimethyl-cyclopropane-1-carboxylate
N C

Cl O Cl O

O F
q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

443
(continued)

TABLE A2.1 (continued)

444

Common Name BHTCommon Chemical Name Dibutyl hydroxyl toluene

Formula Name 4-methyl-2,6-ditert-butyl-phenol

CAS No. 128-37-0
H O

Structural Formula

BHC

Benzene hexachloride (See Lindane below)

1,2,3,4,5,6hexachlorocyclohexane

608-73-1
Cl

Cl Cl

Cl Cl

Cl

Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Uses

C Camphor

1,7,7-trimethylnorbornan-2-one

76-22-2

O HCitronella

3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal

26489-02-1
O

q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Citronellal

3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal

106-23-0
O O

H

Appendix 2

Citronellol

3,7-dimethyloct-6-en-1-ol

106-22-9

H

Citric acid

2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid

77-92-9
O

H O H

O O H H O O O

O

Carbon dioxide

124-38-9
O

C

D DBP

Dibutyl phthalateDibutyl benzene-1,2-dicarboxylate

84-74-2

O O

O

O

445
(continued)
q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

TABLE A2.1 (continued)
Common Name DMP Common Chemical Name Dimethyl phthalate Formula Name Dimethyl 1,2-benzenedicarboxylate CAS No. 131-11-3
O O O

446

Structural Formula

O

Deet

Diethyl toluamide

N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide, N,N- 134-62-3diethyl-m-toluamide
O N

Insect Repellents: Principles, Methods, and Uses

DEPA

N,N-diethyl-2-phenylethanamide

N,N-diethyl phenyl acetamide

2431-96-1
N

O

q 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Dehydrolinalool

3,7-dimethyl-6-octen-1-yl-3-ol

Not available

H O

Appendix 2

C H C

Deltamethrin

[cyano-(3-phenoxyphenyl)-methyl] 3-(2,2-dibromoethenyl)-2,2dimethyl-c...
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