Considering the globalized world where we live in, and the ease of communication and transmission of information, the necessity from protecting human inventions from ourselves has been developed.
In order to protect intellectual property within a country exists laws that prevents and grants the right of exclusive exploitation but nowadays it is not enoughto protect and promote intellectual property that is the reason of existence of International Intellectual Property Treaties.
This project shows what is the organization responsible of international intellectual property and what treaties exist in order to promote and regulate Intellectual Property.
International Treaties of Intellectual Property.
The World Intellectual PropertyOrganization (WIPO) is one of the 16 specialized agencies of the United Nations. WIPO was created in 1967 "to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world."
The Role of WIPO
WIPO currently has 184 member states, administers 24 international treaties, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The current Director-General of WIPO is FrancisGurry, who took office on October 1, 2008. Almost all UN Members as well as the Holy See are Members of WIPO (non-members are the states of Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Solomon Islands, Timor-Leste, Tuvalu and Vanuatu, as well as the entities of Palestinian Authority, Sahrawi Republic, and Taiwan)
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is an internationalorganization dedicated to ensuring that the rights of creators and owners of intellectual property are protected worldwide, and that inventors and authors are thus recognized and rewarded for their ingenuity.
As a specialized agency of the United Nations, WIPO exists as a forum for its Member States to create and harmonize rules and practices to protect intellectual property rights. Mostindustrialized nations have protection systems that are centuries old. Many new and developing countries, however, are now building up their patent, trademark and copyright laws and systems. With the rapid globalization of trade during the last decade, WIPO plays a key role in helping these new systems to evolve through treaty negotiation, legal and technical assistance, and training in various forms,including in the area of enforcement of intellectual property rights.
The field of copyright and related rights has expanded dramatically as technological developments have brought new ways of disseminating creations worldwide through such forms of communication as satellite broadcasting, compact discs, DVDs and the Internet. WIPO is closely involved in the on-going international debate to shape newstandards for copyright protection in cyberspace.
WIPO administers the following international treaties on copyright and related rights:
* Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
* Brussels Convention Relating to the Distribution of Program-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite
* Geneva Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms AgainstUnauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms
* Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
* WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT)
* WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT)
WIPO also provides an Arbitration and Mediation Center, which offers services for the resolution of international commercial disputes between privateparties involving intellectual property. The subject matter of these proceedings includes both contractual disputes (such as patent and software licenses, trademark coexistence agreements, and research and development agreements) and non-contractual disputes (such as patent infringement).
The Center is also now recognized as the leading dispute resolution service provider for disputes arising out...