Committee: International Court of Justice (ICJ)
President: Ana Cristina Leon
Moderator: Rodrigo de la Garza
Secretary: Javiera Poblete
1. Committee description
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations (UN) and is the only judicial organ of it.The ICJ is located at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. As you might know, the United NationsThe UN contains 6 organs and the International Court of Justice is the only one thatwho is not located in New York City’s headquarters. The Court’s role is to settle agreements among nations and establish laws that would be submitted to the member states of the United Nations and specializedagencies for their approval or disapproval. The Court also requests opinions and ideas about the proposed action.
The Court’s 15 judges are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council. The judges have a permanent position in the Court for nine years. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French. The International Court ofJustice aims to accomplish international peace and security laws that would benefit entire delegations.
2. Introduction and description
The Khmer Rouge is the name of the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, lead by Pol Pot, who were the ruling party in Cambodia from 1975 – 1979. that onOn April.17,1975, ,1975, the Khmer Rouge defeated the Lon Nol regime and took the capital PhnomPenh until the year 1979. This political party is remembered primarily for its policy of social engineering and the deaths this they caused. The Khmer Rouge’s agricultural reform led to global famine and therefore, death. because of the economic losses, there wasn’t a sufficient amount of medicines therefore, a significant amount of people died form thousands of diseases including malaria.Brutal executions and torture were carried out by these leaders against CambodiansThese leaders against Cambodians carried out brutal executions and torture. 1/5 of the Cambodian population perished,. about 1.5 million Cambodians are estimated to have died in this 4 yearsThe Khmer Rouge implemented a program that included isolating the country from foreign influence, closing schools, hospitals andfactories, abolishing banking, finance and currency, outlawing all religions, confiscating all private property and relocating people from urban areas to collective farms where forced labor was spread. Every person who was considered an “enemy” was the following:People considered to be an “enemy” were the following: anyone
-Anyone who established connections with former or foreign governments;-“Economic Saboteurs” because of tTheir inability to work efficiently on agricultural camps made them useless for the Khmer Rouge; .
-professionalsProfessionals and intellectuals: almost everyone with education and that wore glasses because those made them look intelligent; .
-Ethic VietnameseEthnic Vietnamese, Chinese, Thai and other minorities in Eastern Highland; and .
Themost common way in which the Khmer Rouge Leaders took their enemies away from their homes was that they toldby telling them that they were evacuating them for two or three days due to the fact of a American Bombing Threat. a bomb threat by the United States of America. They also told the Cambodians they didn´t have to lock their homes because the Khmer Rouge would take care of every aspectregarding their safety. The only purpose of The Khmer Rouge by committing these purpose of the Khmer Rouge doing this was to force the urban population (New People) to work in labor camps. The most worldwide known phrase of the Khmer Rouge leaders was this: “To keep you is no benefit, to destroy you is no loss” referring to the New People.in reference to the New People.
The name “Khmer Rouge”(Red...